Ninh Binh

Telephone code : (84.30)
Area : 12,556 km2
Population : 4,459,000

The region of Ninh Binh has been privileged by nature, with the Day River, the Van Sang River, the Non Nuoc and Canh Dieu Mountains, etc. Ninh Binh has evolved into a major travel centre.


Hoa Lu was the capital of Vietnam under the Dinh Dynasty (968 - 980) and the early Le Dynasty (980 - 1009). The site was an attractive place for a capital city because of both its distance from China and the natural protection afforded by the region's bizarre landscape.


Taking a sampan trip, visitors reach Tam Coc Caves that consist of Hang Ca, Hang Hai and Hang Ba Caves. They are adorned with beautiful stalactites and stalagmites in different shapes and colours, sparkling like gemstones.


Bich Dong Grotto is located in Ngu Hanh Son Mountains in Dam hamlet. A short sampan trip takes you into beautiful landscapes with channels meandering between high rocks and grottoes. Charmed by the marvelous scenery, the Tu Duc King gave Bich Dong the titles of "the second most beautiful grotto in Vietnam".


Phat Diem was built between 1875 and 1898, is the site of a cathedral remarkable for its vast dimensions and unique Sino - Vietnamese architecture. The vaulted ceiling is supported by massive limewood columns almost one metre in diameter and 10m tall. In the lateral naves, there are a number of curious wood and stone sculptures. The main altar is made of a single block of granite. Phat Diem is one of the important centre of Catholicism in the North.


Is one of Vietnam's most important nature preserves. Though wildlife has suffered a precipitous decline in Vietnam in recent decades, the park's 222 sq km of primary tropical forest remain home to an amazing variety of wildlife, including 1967 species of flora from 217 families and 749 genera with some trees of the Parashorea and Dracontomelum families reach 1,000 years of age and from 50m to 70m in high, 1800 species of insects from 30 orders and 200 families, 137 species of birds, 64 species of animals and 33 species of reptiles. Among the extraordinary variety of life forms in the park are several species discovered here, including a tree know as Bressaopsis Cucphuongensis and the endemic red-bellied squirrel Callosciurus erythrinaceus Cucphuongensis. The Rhesus macaque (Macaca mullata) can sometimes be seen in the forests. In Con Moong cave, one of the park's many grottoes, the stone tools of prehistoric humans have been discovered.

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Information provided by Vietnam Tourism Board.


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