Special Precautions

Certificate Required?

 Yellow Fever






 Typhoid and Polio






1: Vaccination against typhoid is advised.

Malaria risk exclusively in the benign (P vivax) form exists from June to October in some villages located in the southeastern part of the country, mainly in the Mary district.

Food & drink : All water should be regarded as a potential health risk. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Milk is pasteurised and dairy products are safe for consumption. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish, preferably served hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise may carry increased risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.

Other risks : Diphtheria and tuberculosis outbreaks are reported, and suitable precautions should be taken. Hepatitis A, B and E occur. Plague and trachoma occur rarely. Because the climate is very hot and dry, precautions should also be taken against dehydration. It is important to drink plenty of (boiled or bottled) water. Rabies is present. For those at high risk, vaccination should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay. For more information, consult the Health appendix.

Health care : Medical insurance, including cover for emergency repatriation, is highly recommended. Medical facilities are poor, high levels of disease have been reported. Travellers are advised to take a well-equipped first-aid kit with them containing basic medicines and any prescriptions that they may need.

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Information provided by Turkmenistan Tourism Board.


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