The balkan velayat is
situated in the western part of the peninsula located tj the east of
the Caspian sea coast beetwin the gulf of Karabogaz-gol end
Turkmenbashi town. It is known for succession of flat sandy hills and
saline hollows. The southwest of Balkan velayat lies in a dry
subtropical zone that is good for such valuable fruit trees as fig,
pomegranate, olive, pistachio, and other trees. The area of the region
totals 139000 square km and its population's about 400 thousand
inhabitants. The capital town is Balkanabad and other industrial
centers are Turkmenbashi, Khazar and Serdar.
In the field of industrial development the priority is given to the
fuel and power complex. Of great importance also are chemical and food
branches. Recently the major gas mains as Turkmenistan - Iran and
Bereket - Serdar have been put into operation as well as quite a
number of industrial enterprises, i.e. porcelain plant and a flour
mill in Balkanabad, a spinal rehabilitation sanatorium in Mollagara,
Lage-scale restoration works have been carried out at oil and gas
deposits of Burun and Korpedzhe.
This region has good prospects in the field of tourism for its
possesses not only ancient architectural monuments but also an
excellent seaside rest area. The Caspian coast is famous for its
remarkable sands, clear water, abundant sea flora and fauna, allowing
to take maximum delight in the underwater sports. The most popular
seaside places are Avaza (suburb of Turkmenbashi )and Khazar that have
quite a number of coastal holiday centers such as comfortable
five-star hotel "Serdar", rest home "Brigantina" and "Briz" in Avaza
and "Khazar" in Khazar.
The tourist itineraries about Balkan normally include a rest at the
Caspian coastline and the trips to historic monuments that are so
numerous in this ancient lands, as well as a visit to a wonderful,
fantastically beautiful subtropical area of Turkmenistan, that is the
valley of Sambar situated in Garrygalin district.
Tourists will make acquaintance with the life and wors of Makhtumkuli
Fragi, the outstanding Turkmen poet and classic of the oriental
literature, in this native village Gerkez "Yuwvan-kala". As
unforgettable will also be a trip to the mysterious, silent and
ghostly-looking in solar mirage ruins of the ancient land of Dakhistan.