Balkan Velayat

The balkan velayat is situated in the western part of the peninsula located tj the east of the Caspian sea coast beetwin the gulf of Karabogaz-gol end Turkmenbashi town. It is known for succession of flat sandy hills and saline hollows. The southwest of Balkan velayat lies in a dry subtropical zone that is good for such valuable fruit trees as fig, pomegranate, olive, pistachio, and other trees. The area of the region totals 139000 square km and its population's about 400 thousand inhabitants. The capital town is Balkanabad and other industrial centers are Turkmenbashi, Khazar and Serdar.

In the field of industrial development the priority is given to the fuel and power complex. Of great importance also are chemical and food branches. Recently the major gas mains as Turkmenistan - Iran and Bereket - Serdar have been put into operation as well as quite a number of industrial enterprises, i.e. porcelain plant and a flour mill in Balkanabad, a spinal rehabilitation sanatorium in Mollagara, Lage-scale restoration works have been carried out at oil and gas deposits of Burun and Korpedzhe.

This region has good prospects in the field of tourism for its possesses not only ancient architectural monuments but also an excellent seaside rest area. The Caspian coast is famous for its remarkable sands, clear water, abundant sea flora and fauna, allowing to take maximum delight in the underwater sports. The most popular seaside places are Avaza (suburb of Turkmenbashi )and Khazar that have quite a number of coastal holiday centers such as comfortable five-star hotel "Serdar", rest home "Brigantina" and "Briz" in Avaza and "Khazar" in Khazar.

The tourist itineraries about Balkan normally include a rest at the Caspian coastline and the trips to historic monuments that are so numerous in this ancient lands, as well as a visit to a wonderful, fantastically beautiful subtropical area of Turkmenistan, that is the valley of Sambar situated in Garrygalin district.

Tourists will make acquaintance with the life and wors of Makhtumkuli Fragi, the outstanding Turkmen poet and classic of the oriental literature, in this native village Gerkez "Yuwvan-kala". As unforgettable will also be a trip to the mysterious, silent and ghostly-looking in solar mirage ruins of the ancient land of Dakhistan.

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Information provided by Turkmenistan Tourism Board.


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