Ashkhabad is located in the middle part of the foothill plain of
Kopetdag , on the height more than 200 meters above sea level. From
the north to Ashchabad the channel of Karakum canal joints, behind of
begin sandy dunes of the of the largest deserts of the world-Karakum.
Actually, Ashkhabad is an artificial oasis created between sands and
foothills. The climite of Ashkhabad as well as of all territory of
Turkmenistan is sharp continental with hot and dry summer, average
summer period temperature may exceed +40C, in winter - from -6C up to
The city having old architectural traditions at present time has a lot
of unique town-planning decisions. The prehistory of Ashkhabad begins
from the end of I century B.C.E. The name of city is translated as
"love", "abad" in Farsi language means "city", "town".
For today the area of city makes about 30 thousands nectars with the
population 604.7 thousand people. The modern architecture of Ashkhabad
differs by the harmony of proportions, harmony with environmental
nature, and the main thing, continues traditions of classical east
architecture. The center of modern Ashkhabad is formed around of
constructed in 1999 year Arch of Neutrality, sculptural composition
and museum of memory of Ashkhabad earthquake victims, Presidential
Palace, and Mejlis building.
For the last years Ashkhabad experiences extremely rough development
in the social town-planning field town-planning field. New micro
districts "Mir", "Guneshli", the cascade of brilliant modern hotel
complexes at Berzengi place are erected.
In record terms the construction of new airport building complex,
Grand National Museum, National institute of manuscripts, magnificent
mosques in Ashkhabad and Geoktepe was completed. Ashkhabad
experiences surprisingly dynamical period in its history, more and
more blossoming and gaining new architectural paints and harmonies.