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Naggu Area (4,500 m)

MT. KAILASH
Mt. Kailash lies at the center of an area that is the key to the drainage system of the Tibetan plateau, and from which issues four of the great rivers of the Indian subcontinent: the Karnali, which feeds into the Ganges( south ), the Indus( north ), the Sutlej ( west ) and the Brahmaputra ( Yarlung Tsangpo, east ).

Mt Kailash, at 6714m, is not the mightiest of the mountains in the region but, with its hulking shape - like the handle of a millstone, according to Tibetans - and its year-long snow-capped peak, it stands apart from the pack. The mountain is known in Tibetan as Kang Rinpoche, or "Precious Jewel of Snow".

Kailash has long been an object of worship for four major religions. For the Hindus, it is the domain of Shiva, the Destroyer and Transformer. To the Buddhist faithful, Kailash is the abode of Demchok, a wrathful manifestation of Sakyamuni thought to be an equivalent of Hinduism's Shiva. The Jains of India also revere the mountain as the site at which the first of their saints was emancipated. And in the ancient Bon religion of Tibet, Kailash was the sacred nine storey Swastika Mountain, upon which the Bonpo founder Shenrab alighted from heaven.



LAKE MANASAROVAR
About 30km to the south of Mt. Kailash, Lake Manasarovar ( 4560m ), or Maphamyumtso (Victorious Lake) in Tibetan, is the most venerated of Tibet's many lakes, and one of the most beautiful. It was said that the waters of Manasarovar are "like pearls" and that to drink of them erases the "sins of a hundred lifetimes".


ZANDA AND THOLING MONASTERY
Tholing and neighboring Tsaparang are the ruined former capitals of the ancient Guge Kingdom of Western Tibet. Apart from the monasteries, chortens and palaces at Tholing and Tsaparang the whole area is remarkable for its amazing eroded scenery, cut through by the Sutlej River on its way to the subcontinent. The monastic complex at Tholing was founded in early 11 century, was once Western Tibet's most important monastic complex.


RUINS OF THE GUGE KINGDOM
Guge Kingdom was established in 842, used to be very prosperous But it was suddenly destroyed in 1650, left almost no traces. Its mystical disappearance has long been a puzzle until today. The ruins are highly valued for Tibetan history, culture, arts and religion study.

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Information provided by Tibet Tourism Bureau Shanghai Office.

 

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