Tainan City

HOW TO GET THERE
 

CKS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

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The CKS International Airport - (take the buses of Guo-Guang Motor Transit Co., Jian-Ming Motor Transit Co.) - Sung-Shan Airport - Tainan Airport

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The CKS International Airport - (take the buses of Guo-Guang Motor Transit Co., Taoyuan Motor Transit Co.) - ChungLi City - (take the train of Taiwan Railway) - Tainan County / City

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The CKS International Airport - (take the U-Bus to ChungLi Transit Station) - Tainan County / City

KAOHSIUNG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

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Kaohsiung Xiao-Gang Airport - (take the bus of Chung-Nan Motor Transit Co.) -
Kaohsiung City - (transit to Quan-Hang bus) - Tainan City - (take the bus of Tainan Motor
Transit Co.) - Tainan County

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Kaohsiung Xiao-Gang Airport - (take the buses of the transportation route of the airport, Bus 301, Guo-Guang Motor Transit Co., Kaohsiung Motor Transit Co.) - Kaohsiung City - (take the train of Taiwan Railway, the buse of Guo-Guang Motor Transit Co.) - Tainan City - (take the bus of Tainan Motor Transit Co.) - Tainan County

Ancient Capital Tainan, the ancient capital of Taiwan, is situated on the southwestern coastal plains of the island and enjoys a warm climate year-round. It is the island's oldest and now fourth largest city,with a population in excess of 700,000 The gentle-natured people ofthe city are warmly hospitable, and the relatively tranquil life there seems far removed from the hustle and bustle of modern urban life. With its long history, Tainan is rich in historic sites and cultural heritage. Night Life Nighttime in Tainan can be whatever you make it. If you like tranquillity, you can go to the Kuangfu campus of National Cheng Kung University to stroll quietly and enjoy the gentle breezes, the aroma of flower blossoms, and the chirping of myriad insects. If you like noise and bustle, you can go to the night market near the Far Eastern Department Store on Chungcheng Road and buy some gifts for friends and relatives. If these suggestions fail to fit your fancy, then go for a quiet conversation over a cup of fine tea in one of Tainan's unique tea houses.


GENERAL

  • Altar of Heaven
    Commonly referred to as Lord of Heaven (Tien Kung) Temple. the Altar of Heaven (Tien Tan) is dedicated to the supreme Taoist deity. the Jade Emperor.
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  • Anping Local Culture Hall
    "This narrow and winding street. the oldest one in Tainan--therefore in all Taiwan--is commonly known as ""Taiwan Street."" Nearby is a historic building named Haishan Hall.
     

  • Great South Gate
    The Great South Gate is one of the few remaining of the original 14 gates of the Tainan city wall. Built in 1736. it has an outer arched gate in the shape of a half moon; the Moon Gate is set at an angle to the inner gate for security considerations.
     

  • Tainan- Bird Watching
    The coastal areas of suburban Tainan provide excellent bird-watching opportunities. Traveling northward along the New West Coast Highway, in the neighborhood of Anping you can see such birds as seagulls, magpies, and egrets. Along the route from Tainan to Luerhmen you can see more than 40 bird species, including pintail, herons, and egrets, roosting and feeding; among the most impressive sights in this area is the "egret forest," with its thousands of birds. Among the salt fields of from September to the following May, the thousands of sharp-billed Sandpipers and other migratory birds that come to winter here. This is one of the most important stopping points for birds migrating between Asia and Australia. From October 4 to the following April the area around the mouth of the Tsengwen River is a haven for the famous -- and extremely rare-black-faced spoonbill as well as birds of the recurvirostridae and egret families. There is also a large mangrove forest at the mouth of the old salt canal that contains three of Taiwan's four types of mangrove trees.
     

MUSEUM / GALLERY / MEMORY

  • Eternal Fortress (Yi Tzai Golden Castle)
    Yi Tzai Golden Castle was called "An Pin Great Fort" or "Twice Fish Length Fort" in the ancient time, it was built to resist the Japanese troops who invaded Taiwan due to Peony Suffix Event. When Shern Bao-Tzen first arriving in An Pin in 1874, he believed that Great Forts should be built to protect the city, therefore, the first western style fort was finally completed in 1876, which was designed by French engineers, it was the first port equipped with British Armstrong Cannon in Taiwan, moreover, it was a great step toward modernization of Taiwanese coastguard military defense. On the construction form, Yi Tzai Golden Castle is a square shape fort belongs to the western diamond type castle, with its four corners protruding, and its center indenting. There are fosses around the fort, and the fort is placed with big and small cannons, while the center of the port is used as exercising field; the shape is of integrity and complete, the scale is huge, supported with powerful fort, Yi Tzai Golden Castle can be seen as the important epoch-making milestone among all forts in Taiwan. The fort was ruined later on, and was once neglected, but later it was ranked among one of the noted sights in the city and was carefully reserved. After the restoration, a major reconstruction was carried out, the shape and the materials were more or less changed. But after the reconstruction, the original scale can generally be seen. Nowadays, the Yi Tze Golden Castle is ranked as first degree historic spot, its outer walls are about two centimeters high, the fosses are around the castle's walls, trees and woods are thickly growing, the bricks laying arched castle gate is 5 centimeters high, through the arched castle gate, what you can see is a carpet of green grass, flat and wide, there are also memorial brass sculpture of Shern Bao-Tzen and imitated ancient cannons.
     

  • Koxinga ShrineOld Fort of Anping
    Cheng Cheng-kung, the pirate-warrior known to the West as Koxinga, made great contributions to the development of Taiwan and has been rewarded by a number of shrines built in his honor. The building that houses this shrine was built in 1662, and it is the only Fuchou-style temple in Taiwan. The temple contains the Tainan Cultural Museum, which displays a number of ancient artifacts. Museum hours: 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m
     

  • Prefectural City God Temple
    In Chinese folk religion. the City God acts as a prosecutor in the district court of the underworld. In the world of the living. he keeps people in line through the threat of punishment in the afterlife.
     

  • Tainan Chikan Towers
    Tainan Chikan Tower is built by the Dutch in 1653. It was originally called Provintia. In Dutch it means eternity. The Chinese called the building "Chikan Tower", "Fantselou" or "Honmaulou". Although Chikan Tower has gone through Ming Dynasty, Ching Dynasty and the Japanese Colonization Period, it basically still maintains its original look. Chikan Tower has been an administration center from the Dutch's occupation period. In 1661 when the Chinese general, Cheng Chengkung, repelled the Dutch. Provintia was changed to be Chentien governor's mansion. In the early stage of Ching Dynasty when Taichiang River was still running, the tides could reach Chikan Tower directly. "The sunset in Chikan Tower" was one of the eight famous scenes in Taiwan. In front of Chikan Tower there are nine sets of stone turtles carrying plates. There were made in Ching Dynasty and were removed from elsewhere to be located here. The legend says that the stone turtle is one of the dragon's nine sons. It shifted into a turtle because it loved to endure heavy objects. There is also a stone horse with broken legs. The legend says that the stone horse's legs were broken by force because it shape-shifted into a monster at night and harassed the residents. Later, Chikan Tower declined due to damages caused by civilian upheaval and lack of management. Chinese style building was added to the original Dutch architectural body. Once the place hosted the worship for Guanshihyin Budda. During the Japanese colonization period, Chikan Tower was changed to be army hospital. There were some restoration and repair. After Taiwan was returned to R.O.C., the wooden structure was changed into steel concrete structure. The main entrance was changed. Thus they created the look of Chikan Tower today.
     

HERITAGE / TEMPLE

  • Great Queen of Heaven Temple
    The Ta Tien Hou (Great Queen of Heaven) Temple was built in 1684 for the worship of Taiwan's most popular deity; Matsu, Goddess of the Sea. Matsu is the patron deity of fishermen, and her birthday on the 23rd day of the third lunar month (it falls in April or May) is celebrated each year with frenetic explosions of colorful activity. The goddess is usually flanked by two guardians, Eyes that See a Thousand Miles and Ears that Hear on the Wind; these are said to have once been malevolent spirits who were reformed by Matsu's example and now use their powers to help her do good works. A secondary deity in this temple is the Old Man under the Moon, a sort of matchmaker god worshipped especially by unmarried men and women. They believe that all they need do is pray to the god for a red "matrimonial thread" or apply their rouge before him and they will quickly find a mate.
     

  • Kauilung Temple
    This temple is dedicated to Chi Niang-ma. the Seven Maids. who are viewed as protectors of children; it is to this temple. therefore. that the young folk of Tainan come for their coming-of-age ceremony at 16. This ceremony is still practiced.
     

  • Lady Linshui Temple
    This temple is dedicated to Lady Linshui. Chen Ching-ku. Since so many people need the help of the goddess. she is accompanied by 36 assistants who are in a side chamber.
     

  • Official God of War Temple
    This temple is one of the oldest and best-preserved temples in Taiwan. According to legend. it was built during the Ming dynasty's Yungli reign. in the mid-17th century.
     

  • The Confucius Temple
    The Confucius Temple in Tainan was built in 1666, it was the first Confucius Temple, before the end of Manchu Dynasty, it was the location of the highest official institute of higher learning in Taiwan. The Taiwan Palace of "Confucianism Study", it owned the incompatible position of culture and education, and was called "The Highest Institute". The Confucius Temple has been through more than thirty times of reconstruction, a part of the building was destroyed during the wars or ruined by nature disasters; the present scale of the Confucius Temple was the look after reconstructing during the time when Japanese were ruling (1917), its elegant and simple localization characteristic takes a distinctive attitude of its own among the Confucius Temples buildings in Taiwan. There are fifteen structures inside the Confucius Temple, the primary sacrifices in the palace is to Confucius divine tablet, on both sides, the sacrifices are to the sixteen pupils of Confucius. Between the beams and pillars, there hang twelve horizontal described boards awarded by sovereigns of all dynasties since early Manchu Dynasty till today, it is the Confucius Temple in Taiwan to own the most complete royal horizontal described boards of all dynasties. Inside the temple, there are very old trees towering, classical elegant and tranquil, self-becoming a place of its own, the whole space presents a cultural breath, and is presently ranked among the national first-degree historic spots. Speaking of the preservation of the cultural articles in the Confucius, the inscriptional records through all times of repairs, the horizontal described boards awarded by sovereigns of all dynasties, and ceremony and musical instruments from early Manchu Dynasty till nowadays are still kept perfectly, and these are all very precious historical cultural articles that deserve to be carefully appreciated.
     

  • Tienho Temple
    Historical Background : Ta Tien Hou Temple is commonly known as a Ma Chu Temple of Tainan- the first Ma Chu Temple built by the government in Taiwan. The god worshipped in Ta Tien Hou Temple is The Heaven God Mother, or widely called Mother Ma Chu, the most worshipped god in the Taiwanese society. The Ta Tien Hou Temple was originally the palace of Emperor Ning Jing of the Ming Dynasty. In the 22nd year of Emperor Kang Si (in 1683), after admiral Hsih Long had occupied Taiwan, he found that Ma Chu was mostly worshipped by the Taiwanese people and as a way to easy their hard feeling towards foreign rule, he then reported to the emperor and requested to have the Ning Jing Palace rebuilt into a Ma Chu Temple and promoted Ma Chu to Tien Hou, meaning the Heaven God Mother. Since then the Ma Chu temple is called Ta Tien Hou Temple. Ta Tien Hou Temple can be divided into 4 main parts : the San Chuan Hall, the Worship Hall, the Main Hall and the Back Hall. The lively large sized Ma Chu statue is the main feature of the Temple. It was the master piece of a sculptor from Chuan Chou about 300 years ago and is the representative work of Taiwan's sculpturing of its kind.
    Cultural Highlights : In all temples, there are door guarding gods. To shows its class, the door guarding gods in the Ta Tien Hou Temple are not by drawing but decorated by nails. Besides, owing to its unique status, there are numerous plates from well known scholars and VIP's and some of them even endorsed by emperors of different dynasties, making them of so much historical value. At the two sides on the walls of the Worship Hall there fitted two pieces of stone tablets. One of them was set up in the 24th year of Emperor Kang Si (year 1685) by admiral Hsih Long, laying down the whole invasion process of Taiwan as well as how to soothe and manage the people thereafter. This stone tablet is the earliest Ching tablet now being kept in Taiwan. Ta Tien Hou Temple is full of architectural features as well as things of cultural heritage. Visitors just feel like walking into some ancient art exhibition halls. Everything is so valuable and worth studying.

     

  • Tungyu Temple
    The main deities worshipped in Tungyu (Eastern Hades) Temple are Titsang Wang. or the King of the Underworld. along with the Ten Demon Rulers of Hades. and such subsidiary deities as Oxhead and Horseface.
     

  •  Yen Ping Chun Wang Temple
    Historical Background : The Koxinga's Shrine, located by Kai Shan Road surrounded by trees, is the only Fujianese style shrine in Taiwan. This is the shrine built in memory of the work and achievement of Cheng Cheng Kung, the pioneer of Taiwan. Cheng Cheng Kung was originally called Cheng Sun, a native of Nan On in County Fujian. His father, Cheng Chi Lung, was a wanderer in his early days. He has been a merchant as well as a pirate. His mother was a Japanese lady called Tagawa. Cheng was born with great intelligence. Not only was he diligent in his studies, he also has a huge ambitious to achieve something big, i.e. to become someone who are good in both academic work and in the military field. By the time he was 21 years old, Wu San Kwei led the Ching army into China and the Ming dynasty thus came to an end. As a result of his father surrendered to the Ching Dynasty and his mother committed suicide, Cheng Cheng Kung suffered a lot of pain and decided that he should turn against the Ching Dynasty to rejuvenate the Ming Dynasty in order to get rid of the shame caused by his father's traitor behavior.In April, 15th year of Emperor Yung Li (1661 A.D.), he led his army crossing the Taiwan Strait and after 9 months' battle, had finally retrieved Taiwan from the hands of the Dutch. Taiwan thus was no more a colony of the Netherlands.After gaining access to Taiwan, Cheng quickly built up the whole place by setting up governing offices, regulations, education system as well as developing more farm lands to improve the living standards of the local people. He also actively trained people in military tactics, preparing them to fight the Ching army. However, just half year after he had retrieved Taiwan, Cheng died of illness on May 8, the 16th year of Emperor Yung Li of Ming Dynasty. His aim of rejuvenating the Ming Dynasty was unfulfilled which was the biggest regret of his whole life.In the 13th year of Emperor Tong Chi of the Ching Dynasty (1874 A.D.), emperor's special envoy Shen Bao Chen requested for the enlargement of the then existing kai Shan Wang' shrine which was in memory of the work of Cheng Cheng Kung. It was approved by the regime and the new shrine was officially called "Koxinga's Shrine" and for people to pay tribute to this folk hero.
    Cultural Highlights : In side the Koxinga's Shrine, there is the Tainan Folk Cultural Hall where exhibits various historical culture of Tainan. The first floor is for pre-historic preserves and dig-ups. Apart from illustrating the geographic connection between Taiwan and the Mainland, these things also describe the evolution of life from the past to the present. Most of the exhibits in the second floor are the historical materials of Tainan. These include the materials and things related to the concerned ancestors, such as the portraits of Cheng Cheng Kung and Shen Bao Chen, and also their works. In addition, daily items of Tainan city of the old like the street signs, bedding equipment, land deeds, money bills are on exhibition so that the public can understand the daily life of the past generations. It is a cultural spot very worth visiting.

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Information provided by Tourism Bureau, Rep. of China.

 

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