Kinmen Country

HOW TO GET THERE
 

CKS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

u

The CKS International Airport - (take the buses of Guo-Guang Motor Transit Co., Jian-Ming Motor Transit Co) - Sung-Shan Airport - Jinmen airport

Kinmen, also known as Quemoy, is a small island with a very big reputation. Situated just off the coast of Mainland China, it was the site of fierce fighting between Communist and Nationalist forces when the latter withdrew from the mainland in 1949. In that fighting the Nationalists emerged victorious, forging stories of loyalty and valor that live on today as important part of the historical legacy of the Chinese people of Taiwan. As a result, Kinmen has been regarded as hallowed- almost sacred- ground by the people and government of the Republic of China. Until recently closed to outside visitors because of its status as an island fortress guarding against a continuing communist threat, Kinmen has recently been opened to tourism. Kinmen is actually an archipelago consisting of 15 islets including, besides Kinmen itself, Liehyu (or Little Kinmen), Tatan, and Ertan. Three of the islets are occupied by Mainland China; the remainder-those under the control of the ROC- have a total land area of 150.46 square kilometers. The craggy island is made up primarily of granite, which at the highest point- Mt. Taiwu- rises 253 meters above sea level. This hill is the source of numerous streams that flow into reservoirs that supply water for the local population and beautify the landscape as well. Being relatively isolated in the sea, Kinmen in the past provided a popular haven for pirates and Japanese adventurers. Walls and moats were first constructed on the island as a defense against these marauders in 1387, during the reign of Emperor Taitsu of the Ming dynasty. This earned Kinmen the name, by which it is still known today; literally "Golden Gate", the name actually translates, roughly, as "Impregnable Gateway."


NATIONAL PARK

  • Taroko National Park
    Historical Background : Taroko became a national park in 1986, including Hualien County, Nantou County and Taichung County. It is the second largest national park in Taiwan. Taroko is famous for its spectacular mountains and marble canyons. Cliffs and canyons stretch along Li Wu River. Four million years ago, the island of Taiwan was formed by the collision of plates. After millions of years of wind erosion, the marble rocks were exposed and cut by Li Wu River, creating impressive grand canyons. From Tsing Shui to Nan Hu Peak, the drop height is 3,742 meters. Such special geography has also bred special flora and fauna in this area.
    Cultural Highlights : The waterfalls characterized Taroko National Park and the most famous ones are Pai Yang Waterfall, Yin Tai Waterfall, Chang Chun Waterfall, and Lu Shui Waterfall. Yen Tze Kou and Chiu Chu Tung are the most impressive natural scenes in Taroko and the canyons here are the narrowest. Tourists can appreciate the natural beauty along the tour track. Swallows nest on the cliff, chirping and flying back forth. The Taroko monumental is designed in Chinese style and Chang Chun Temple is to remember those who sacrificed their lives for building the central highway.

     

NATIONAL PARK

  • Kinmen Cihu
    Cihu is the result of a joint military/civil engineering project. Located near the Kuningtou battlefield, it provides 120 hectares of fish-farming area for local residents and has a long dike that constitutes an obstacle to enemy landings as well. This is Kinmen's foremost bird watching area, with flocks of cormorants-which are rarely seen in Taiwan-frequently visiting. Nearly 200 species of birds have been sighted here, with birds of the Scoloipacidae family being most numerous.
     

  • Kinmen Wentai Pagoda
    This five-story hexagonal stone "pagoda" was built in 1387, during the Ming Dynasty. The solid granite structure was designed to serve as a navigational marker for ships negotiating the treacherous waters near Kinmen. Though small, the pagoda exhibits an impressively simple and dignified style. Its peak features carvings and relief work, and stones near its base exhibit playful Chinese calligraphy written by the Ming Dynasty scholar Chen Hui as well as the contemporary artist Chang Ta-chien. The pagoda is designated as a second-grade historic site.
     

  • Kinmen : Taihu Recreation Area
    The Taihu (Lake Tai) Recreation area is a park centered on Lake Tai. The park covers an area of 45 hectares; the August 23 Artillery War Museum is located here, giving the park a special historical significance. With a surface area of 36 hectares, Lake Tai is Kinmen's largest man-made freshwater lake; completed in 1965, it contains three islands topped by elegant pavilions. A Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644) residence in the park has been excavated from the sand and restored, giving an additional touch of interest to the area.
     

  • The Kinmen Natinal Park
    "Kinmen also has unique cultural attractions that belie its small size and population of only 50,000. The government has taken steps to preserve the island's cultural sites and practices so that visitors today can observe its vibrant, living culture. Residences in Kinmen are mostly of the three-winged Fuchien-style architecture. The island's history can be traced also through the colorful traditional residences that are scattered throughout the landscape. While the island's people live simple lives closely linked to the sea, their religious convictions are strong. Folk spirits are venerated along with such Buddhist and Taoist deities as Cheng Huang (the city God), Matsu (Goddess of the sea), and Kuanyin (Goddess of Mercy). A special cultural/religious feature of Kinmen is the Wind Lion, a local deity originating in the worship of the forces of nature. The massive construction of ships by the late-Ming patriot Cheng-kung (Koxinga), who fought against the Manchu court of the succeeding Ching Dynasty, denuded the previously fertile soil of Kinmen of trees and transformed it into wasteland. With the very soil and rocks eroding away, the people were losing their means of livelihood; in desperation they turned for help to the Wind Lion, who, they believed could control the winds. They still have faith in this spirit, whose carved image can be seen at strategic locations all over Kinmen. The images are full of local flavor and manifest a combination of the god's animistic and anthropomorphic characteristics.
     

FARM / SCENERY

  • Kinmen
    Kinmen, also known as Quemoy, is a small island with a very big reputation. Situated just off the coast of Mainland China, it was the site of fierce fighting between Communist and Nationalist forces when the latter withdrew from the mainland in 1949. In that fighting the Nationalists emerged victorious, forging stories of loyalty and valor that live on today as important part of the historical legacy of the Chinese people of Taiwan. As a result, Kinmen has been regarded as hallowed- almost sacred- ground by the people and government of the Republic of China. Until recently closed to outside visitors because of its status as an island fortress guarding against a continuing communist threat, Kinmen has recently been opened to tourism. Kinmen is actually an archipelago consisting of 15 islets including, besides Kinmen itself, Liehyu (or Little Kinmen), Tatan, and Ertan. Three of the islets are occupied by Mainland China; the remainder-those under the control of the ROC- have a total land area of 150.46 square kilometers. Situated in the sea about two kilometers off the coast of Fuchien province, Kinmen is separated from Taiwan by approximately 280 kilometers of the Taiwan Straits. The climate of Kinmen is affected by subtropical monsoons, with strong north-easterly winds blowing in from September to April and the year-round temperature averaging about 21 degrees Celsius.
     

  • Kinmen Cultural Village
    This is a closely packed complex of traditional residences in the area of Shanhou village, originally built in 1900. Containing a total of 28 Fuchien-style housed, it is a showcase of traditional Chinese architecture. Besides the houses themselves, the village features displays of artifacts, rites, festive activities, leisure life, martial arts, and traditional production. There is also an old official's residence with especially beautiful carved beams and wall paintings.
     

GENERAL

  • Granite Hospital
    This hospital is dug entirely into the granite of Mt.Taiwu and began service in 1980. It contains complete medical care facilities, including a central air-conditioning system, making it difficult to believe that the hospital is actually deep in the bowels of an impregnable mountain.
     

  • Guningtou Battlefield
    This was the scene of the 56-hour bloodbath that began when Communist troops landed on the shore and ended in victory for the Nationalist forces. A memorial tablet on the coast commemorates the battle, and the battlefield's entrance, built in the form of a Chinese city gate, is topped by a bronze statue of a heroic soldier.
     

  • Kinmen Pottery Factory
    The Kinmen Pottery Factory is the only government kiln in the ROC. Built in 1962, this factory turns out bottles for kaoliang spirits; the bottles are so interesting and artistically designed that they are avidly sought by collectors everywhere. The factory also makes other porcelain items such as reproductions of antiques, painted wall panel, and art objects with Ching Hua and crystallized glaze. No tourist in Kinmen should miss a visit to this fascinating factory.
     

  • Mashan Observation Post
    Mashan(Horse Mountain)is the point where Kinmen is closest to mainland China. The distance of separation is only 2,100 meters; at low tide, when more land area is exposed, the distance shrinks to just 1,800 meters. The observation station is located in a long, narrow trench and is equipped with three pairs of high-powered binoculars through which the daily life of the fishing villages on the opposite shore can be seen clearly.
     

  • Memorial Arch to Qiu Liang-gong's Mother
    This memorial arch is outstanding among traditional stone monuments and has been designated as a historic site of the first grade. It was erected in 1812 in honor of the mother of Qiu Liang-gong, a governor-general of Qiuliang province and resident of Kinmen; the lady's virtuous contribution was to live 28 years in widowhood without remarrying. The monument is made of the finest stone and exhibits exquisite workmanship, making it a true piece of art.
     

  • Wentai Pagoda
    This five-story hexagonal stone "pagoda" was built in 1387, during the Ming Dynasty. The solid granite structure was designed to serve as a navigational marker for ships negotiating the treacherous waters near Kinmen. Though small, the pagoda exhibits an impressively simple and dignified style. Its peak features carvings and relief work, and stones near its base exhibit playful Chinese calligraphy written by the Ming Dynasty scholar Chen Hui as well as the contemporary artist Chang Ta-chien. The pagoda is designated as a second-grade historic site.
     

TAIWAN TOP 20

  • Kinmen National Park
    Historical Background : Kinmen National Park was established in 1995, 3,780 hectares in area. It is the sixth national park of Taiwan. The island of Kin Men was constantly harassed by Japanese pirates in the 16th century; thus, the government equipped the island with defense works and arms. During the war between KMT and the Chinese communists, there were several memorable battles in Kin Men. In addition, there are traditional southern Fu Chien buildings and shell mounds in Kinmen. The park is to preserve history and culture and to remember previous wars.
    Cultural Highlights : Ku Ning Tou: Ku Ning Tou was developed as early as the 16th century. It has historical significance and historical buildings include Ku Ning Tou War History Museum, Pei San Ku Yang Building, Li Kuang Chien General Temple, etc. Lieh Yu: Lieh Yu is located near Hsiao Kin Men. Besides its military value, Lieh Yu also features coastal view and ornithological value. Scenic spots here include Chiu Kung Tunnel, Ling Shui Lake, Shuang Kou Battle Village, Hu Ching Tou War History Museum, etc.
    Ku Kang Lake: Located at the southwest of Kin Men, Ku Kang Lake presents variable scenery. The lake vicinity is the early-developed area in Kin Men due to its convenient transportation. Rich businessmen used to build new houses here; today, you can find both traditional Chinese buildings and western buildings here. Tai Wu Shan: An important place in defense of Taiwan, Peng Hu, Kin Men and Ma Tzu. Tourist attractions here include the August 23 battle museum, Yu Ta Wei Memorial Hall, Liao Lo Wan, Chung Shan Memorial Forest, Ching Kuo Memorial Hall and Chun Lin Village. The God of Wind: The God of Wind is the guardian of Kin Men. Since the early 17th century, local people have been worshipping the God of Wind, hoping that the crops will grow well. Today, the God has become a feature of Kin Men.

     

  • The Kinmen Natinal Park
    "Kinmen also has unique cultural attractions that belie its small size and population of only 50,000. The government has taken steps to preserve the island's cultural sites and practices so that visitors today can observe its vibrant, living culture. Residences in Kinmen are mostly of the three-winged Fuchien-style architecture. The island's history can be traced also through the colorful traditional residences that are scattered throughout the landscape. While the island's people live simple lives closely linked to the sea, their religious convictions are strong. Folk spirits are venerated along with such Buddhist and Taoist deities as Cheng Huang (the city God), Matsu (Goddess of the sea), and Kuanyin (Goddess of Mercy). A special cultural/religious feature of Kinmen is the Wind Lion, a local deity originating in the worship of the forces of nature. The massive construction of ships by the late-Ming patriot Cheng-kung (Koxinga), who fought against the Manchu court of the succeeding Ching Dynasty, denuded the previously fertile soil of Kinmen of trees and transformed it into wasteland. With the very soil and rocks eroding away, the people were losing their means of livelihood; in desperation they turned for help to the Wind Lion, who, they believed could control the winds. They still have faith in this spirit, whose carved image can be seen at strategic locations all over Kinmen. The images are full of local flavor and manifest a combination of the god's animistic and anthropomorphic characteristics.
     

MUSEUM / GALLERY / MEMORY

  • August 23 Artillery War Museum
    Located in Chungcheng Park, this museum was built in 1988 as a memorial to the long weeks of the artillery war. Its displays are designed to give a sense of the valorous events of that period. On either side of the main entrance to the museum are carved the names of the 587 soldiers who lost their lives in the bombardment. On the left side are displayed the man air fighter used by the Nationalist forces at that time- the F-86 Saber and the main artillery piece, the 155mm cannon. On the right side is one of the amphibious landing craft - an LTV-that played such a vital role in transporting troops and materials during the battle. These displays help observers imagine what the joint operations of the three service branches must have been like. Inside the museum are historical artifacts in 12 display areas for charts, photographs, documents, relics, and models. Together, these comprise a complete history of the artillery war. A visit to the museum gives observers a strong feeling of how the military and the civilians of Kinmen drew together to resist the aggressor when artillery shells were falling on the island in a dense downpour. Memorial tablets commemorating the victory in the August 23 Artillery War have been erected at Magpie Mountain and on Little Kinmen to remind visitors of the sheer determination and resolute will which allow life to go on, even in the most trying circumstances.
     

  • Guningtou Battlefield History Museum
    This steel-reinforced cement building on the site of the Kuningtou Battlefield is designed to resemble a fortress. It was built in 1984 as a memorial to the heroic actions of Kinmen's defenders, who at great cost drove off the Communist invaders and won a great victory for the Nationalist forces. The sides and entrance of the museum are adorned with large relief sculptures portraying the spirit of the soldiers who fought in this notable battle. On grassy areas to either side are displayed "Kinmen Bears" -the M5 AI tanks which played a decisive role in the fighting. In a circle at the front of the building is a sculpture of three heroic fighters. Inside the museum are 12 oil paintings by prominent artists depicting the battle, along with displays of other materials, documents, and photographs relating to the fighting and the victory that followed. The aim of the museum is to portray the spirit of sacrifice manifested by the soldiers who fought so hard and gave so much for their country.
     

BEACHES / ISLANDS

  • Jui Kwang House
    Historical Background : In the Chinese Year of 54th, the administrative division chief man, Mr. Chiang Ching Kuo, cared about the people live and went around and inspect. The scenery was quiet and beautiful, the weather was nice, the mountains were magnificent, and the geography was great, this place made Mr. Chiang feel like the resh air all select by one, the place is quiet and beautiful Then he changed the name of this farm from Chien Ching Farm into Ching Ching Farm. And the name of Ching Ching Farm is using till now. And because Ching Ching Farm is far away from the broiling city, the air is fresh and clean, the view is wide, and the scenery is beautiful. It has the name of fairyland on the fog Fresh, natural and quiet climate with plentiful rainfall this place a good farm for managing the hacienda, planting the temperate zone vegetable and fruit, and the floriculture.
    Cultural Highlights : There is multi-media introduction on the first floor, photographs on the second floor corridors and battle documents on the third floor. Outside the building, there are two ancient batteries on the grass. Chu Kuang Lo is 2,000 pings in area, surrounded by the mountain and ocean. It has marvelous scenery of the lake, the ocean and the Kinmen island.

     

  • Kinmen Folk Village
    Historical Background : Kinmen Cultural Village is located in Shan Hou Tsun. The village was built in Ching Kuang Hsu year 26 (1900). With an area of 1230 pings, the village has eighteen buildings and houses of traditional Fu Chien style. The buildings were built by the Chinese Japanese Wang Kuo Chen and Wang Ching Hsiang for their relatives and materials were shipped from Chang Chou, Chuan Chou and Chiang Hsi Province. It took 20 years to finish the construction. The eighteen buildings and houses were damaged after years of wind erosion. The Kinmen government redecorated the buildings and claimed it a cultural village.
    Cultural Highlights : The buildings here are carefully-designed and well-decorated in traditional Chinese style, presenting the characteristics of Chinese architecture. The structure, paintings and sculptures are refined. In 1979, the Kinmen government reconstructed the ancient buildings and set up museums and exhibition rooms, presenting the best characteristics of Kinmen.

     

  • Kinmen National Park
    Historical Background : The Ku Ning Tou Battle is one of the most important battles between KMT and the Chinese communists. In 1949, the KMT army withdrew to Taiwan and Kin Men became a critical military base. The KMT soldiers strengthened the defense force and prepared for the battle. On December 24, the communist soldiers attacked Kin Men from Ho Sha to Ku Ning Tou; on December 25, 1949, the KMT army led by Kao Kui Yuan fought back with the cooperation of navy and air forces. There were 1200 KMT soldiers risked their lives by attacking the communist troops from the back. Without any back-up, the KMT soldiers successfully stopped the communist attack. The battle was known as the Ku Ning Tou Battle.
    Cultural Highlights : Ku Ning Tou Battle History Museum is located in Lin Tsuo Tsun, exactly where the battle took place. The construction was completed in 1984, in memory of the historic battle. There are relief carvings on the front walls, depicting the fierce battle. On the grass demonstrate the M5A1 tank, which was used in the battle. In addition, there is a sculpture of 3 brave soldiers. Besides objects used in the battle, 12 paintings, objects and documents are also presented in the museum.

     

  • Ku Ning Tou Battle History Musuem
    Historical Background : The Ku Ning Tou Battle is one of the most important battles between KMT and the Chinese communists. In 1949, the KMT army withdrew to Taiwan and Kin Men became a critical military base. The KMT soldiers strengthened the defense force and prepared for the battle. On December 24, the communist soldiers attacked Kin Men from Ho Sha to Ku Ning Tou; on December 25, 1949, the KMT army led by Kao Kui Yuan fought back with the cooperation of navy and air forces. There were 1200 KMT soldiers risked their lives by attacking the communist troops from the back. Without any back-up, the KMT soldiers successfully stopped the communist attack. The battle was known as the Ku Ning Tou Battle.
    Cultural Highlights : Ku Ning Tou Battle History Museum is located in Lin Tsuo Tsun, exactly where the battle took place. The construction was completed in 1984, in memory of the historic battle. There are relief carvings on the front walls, depicting the fierce battle. On the grass demonstrate the M5A1 tank, which was used in the battle. In addition, there is a sculpture of 3 brave soldiers. Besides objects used in the battle, 12 paintings, objects and documents are also presented in the museum.

Back to the Top 

 

Information provided by Tourism Bureau, Rep. of China.

 

Home | Bhutan | Brunei | Cambodia | China-Yunnan | East Timor | Hong Kong | India | Indonesia | Japan | Kazakstan | Korea | Kyrgystan | Laos | Malaysia Maldives | Mongolia | Myanmar | Nepal | Pakistan | Philippines | Singapore | Sri Lanka | Tajikistan | Taiwan | Thailand | Tibet | Turkmenistan | Vietnam Uzbekistan

 

Website partner : Asia-planet.com...Tours and Hotels around Asia.
Version Francaise : Planete-asie.com

Copyright © 2002 Orasia co.,ltd. (Asia-planet.net) All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.