BUDDHIST RACING BOAT
the Buddhist lent for three months, in the rainy season starting from
the 1st dark moon of the eight month to the 1st dark moon of the
eleventh moon, the closing ceremony is organized. Firstly, the
performance of Buddhist lent activities is the responsibilities of the
monks, not for the lay people. There after, the form of the ceremony
change as the villagers decide to prepare the offerings for merit
making. So in the morning of the fifteen day of the eleventh month,
the villagers take the offerings to the temples and listen to Buddha's
teaching while the candles ceremony, light worshipping and fire boat
festivities are performed in the evening. In the next day, the 1st
dark moon of the eleven month, boat racing is organized on the Mekong
river. The Buddhist Lent closing ceremony is performed in the same way
as the beginning of Buddhist Lent, Boun Hokaopradabdine and Boun Khao
Sark or Salark. At the festival day Buddhist villagers, dressed in new
and beautiful clothes take the silver bowls or plateful of food and
materials to offer the monks for merit making.
How to organize the ceremony.
The term "Watsa" means the rain or rainy season. the monks complete
the practices of Buddha teachings during the period of three months in
the rainy season without spending any nights in other places. On the
1st day of the dark moon of the eleventh month the closing ceremony
for Buddhist Lent should be arranges. But, in practice, it is
organized in the full moon of the fifteen in the eleventh month, one
day before the due date. In the Buddha's teaching, the closing
ceremony for Buddhist Lent was not decided, but Pavalana, prior notice
ceremony was instead made after three months of Buddhist lent ended.
So, in practice the monks made Pavalana on the evening of the full
moon of the fifteen in the eleventh month. It is one day before the
real closing date.
The term Pavalana means to announce something in advance of warn or
advise each other for example when the villagers say to the monks in
advance that "If the monks need to have the 4 main factors such as :
clothing, bedding, medicines or some things else, please advice us."
This also means Pavalana. It is to say something to do in advance. Pavalana
is the task of the monks. When any monks violate the Buddhist rules,
they should warn each other. The reason that the Lord of Buddha
allowed the monks to give advice is that when the monks stay together
during the Buddhist Lent in the same place it would a few of them
might behave badly or make mistakes. After the Buddhist Lent ends,
they warn or advice each other before leaving. This means "Pavalana."
To conduct the ceremony for Pavalana, the oldest monk has make a
decision first. He may say three, two times of one. Then the others
say like him or saying one by one. The words are said in Pali
language. It means that "To you all the monks, please listen to me
today is the full moon day. It is the day to give prior notice that we
have completed the Buddha practice."
After the decision is made, the oldest monk sits on his knees, joins
his hands and says Pavalana in front the others in Pali language : "To
you all the monks, may I notice you in advance and do not in doubt
that I made mistakes or sins caused by a breach of the rules of the
monastic order (Patimakkha), please warn me, to change my bad
behaviour for proper behaviour acting." Then all the monks have to say
the same words until its completion. The monks who completed the
Buddhist Lent, can gain Anisong 5, merit making.
Traditionally, a Buddhist ceremony which
is performed every year is called Hidsipsong, tradition of 12 months,
while the fourteen rules on salutation made by officials,
sister-in-law, husband and wife and all Loa people are called
Khongsipsi. These above are intended to express salutation and loving
kindness to the god and people. Baci is multi-purpose ceremony to
express the best wishes for the important days of lives such as new
babies, marriages, departures, visiting friend and others. Holy white
cotton strings are tied round hands of the women with kapok, coiled
90% of Loa people consume sticky rice. The ware
kept the rice after steaming is called Tikao or kongkao and can be
taken to every where. The arrangement of food is on the food big
plate. The main food are Lap, Koy, Ping.
Houses are built on stilt and have free
apace underneath that roofs a triangle wind plates on each side. These
are 2 types of houses; single and a double roofed how many steps on
the stairs depends on the height of the house, but traditionally they
made uneven numbers such as: 3 steps, 5 steps, 7 steps and 9 steps.
Ways of dressing :
Costumes depend on gender and age but regarding to the culture, Loa
women dressed properly, because they are mothers of the nation in
tradition, Lao women wear the silk skirts, blouses and scarves to
attend important ceremonies.
Design of Lao women skirts :
1. Design with upper and lower parts.
2. Not too short and too long.
3. The upper part over the waist.
4. Lower part of skirt suitable.
5. Not too sexy.
Attending significant events, Lao women wear scarves and coiled hair
styles. Lao men wear salong, big large pants or the peasant pants to
attend the important ceremonies. Paekaoma is used for cleaning the
body, covering the head and others. The costumes in the previous
periods : Laos is one old nation in South East Asia. This place where
was called Souvannaphoum and some Lao were settled in South of China
called Anachak Ai-Lao. Due to the wars Lao migrated southward and
established Monarchy Nanechao. The first king was named Sinoulo,
governor of Nongsae as Chinese called Talifu town. It was capital city
of Nanechao had peace for quite a long time. The first governor called
Nanechao-ong. Main occupations were cultivation, animal husbandry and
textile weavings. Hair style were coiled down to both sides down to
the back and ear rings. Men and women dressed same styles of pants of
shirts made by textile no colour and they did not have any decoration
Rice cultivation, animal husbandry, raising silk worms and handicrafts
were main occupations additional Activities were trading, fishery,
workers in the plants or officials.
Culture & Society :
Smiles, Loves liberty, no quarrels, no oppression, respect the nation,
reputation and honor with their lives. Commonly Lao people are fully
of love and respect others. "To visit north or south, meal can be
requested, but visitors, no need to study in the hotels or pay for
Friendship, love and peace are sit the hearts of Lao people. They hate
oppressors. Our slogan said United we survive and separate, we die. We
hate the conflicts and we can give excuse to others if the cases are
reasonable. Lao territory is very wide. We like literature and arts,
Many poets are stories were written by our great authors namely :
Phousonelane, grand father teaches grand son, lanesonephu, grandson
teaches grandfather, sonelork in thangane soneluk. Phravetsanedone.
Champasitonh, the 4 champa flower trees, kalaket, Tengone. Soulivong
kunthung-kuntheuang and others were written in palm leaves these above
poetry are our national heritage designed our ancestor hearts to give
us the best loves to our nation.