The main gateway into
Maluku is through the provincial capital of Ambon, which is served by
regular flights to most parts of the archipelago. Air and sea
transportation connects the islands with 79 seaports and 25 airports.
Roads on many of the islands provide access to the more remote places
of interest. To proclaim Maluku as a tourist destination on the east
park of Indonesia, Maluku recognized with a new call name that is;
Moluccas Spice Island exotic Marine Paradise.
The average annual rainfall of the Moluccas is 2,370 millimeters (90
inches), but the distribution of the rainfall varies throughout the
province from year round in Seram and northern Halmahera to markedly
seasonal in southern Halmahera, Obi, north-east Buru and the smaller
islands to the south. Maluku lies at the intersection of two global
currents, with influence flora and fauna in this area. Itís exotic
nature, almost unequalled by other regions in the pacific, has
attracted many visitor to this lush archipelago since ancient times.
Wild tropical jungle interiors with evergreen forest are found on most
In 1511, the Portuguese built their first fort in the area on the
island of Ternate, and cornered the clove trade. The Dutch, who
arrived in 1599, mounted the first serious threat to Portuguese
control of Maluku's treasures. Armed conflicts broke out, taking a
heavy toll from the island populations as well as the rival European
powers. When the Dutch finally emerged as victors they enforced their
trade monopoly with an iron fist. Whole villages were razed to the
ground and thousands of islanders died, especially on the island of
Banda. The British briefly occupied Maluku during the Napoleonic Wars,
but Dutch rule was restored in 1814 and it wasn't until 1868 that the
compulsory cultivation of spices was abolished in the province. Now
fish and other sea products are Maluku's major sources of revenue, but
nickel, oil, manganese and various kinds of timber also contribute to
the province's wealth.
Back to the Top
Ambon is the capital city
of Maluku and the main commercial and administration point of the
Moluccas. In World War II this city was bombed destroying all the
beautiful colonial buildings, but the city has a stunning bay,
bustling shops, markets, wharves and great weather. The center of the
spice trade of the 17th century, Ambon island retains many buildings
of great historical significance; while many colonial buildings were
destroyed during bombing raids during The Second World War, Fort
Victoria, of Portuguese origin, stands proud as one of the chief local
Many natural oddities occur here too; in the village of Waai, an
underwater cave filled by a freshwater mountain spring is home to
freshwater moray eels, considered sacred by the villagers, who tease
the eels into coming to the surface to feed them egg yolk.
GETTING AROUND IN AMBON
The airport is located on Ambon Island's Hitu Peninsula approximately
37 Kilometres from the city of Ambon. One can take a taxi from the
airport that takes 45 minutes and costs between $8-$10 US or a ferry
that goes between Poka and Galala, this cuts the travelling distance
in half, but beware the are often large ques to board the ferry and
sometimes it is quicker to take a taxi.
Taxis, minibuses and three wheeled bicycle carts - becaks provide
transportation in an around the city of Ambon.
Diving and Snorkeling
Ambon has some fantastic conditions and reefs to dive/snorkel;
Latulahat, Eman Latu are less than 45 minutes away from central Ambon,
and have attractive fish and coral to amaze even the most jaded diver.
Natsepa, 14km north of Ambon is home to one of the most pleasant
beaches, where hot sands are met by warm sea; enjoy the privilege of
being a tourist; go during the week and avoid the weekend rush; it's
Back to the Top
Department of Tourism. Government of Indonesia.