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Wuyishan

Wuyishan City has a long history. Before the Qin (221-206 B.C.) and Han (206 B. C.-A. D. 25) dynasties, the city was under the jurisdiction of the State of Yue, in Southeast China. According to ancient records and archeological evidence, the site of the city was inhabited more than 4,000 years ago. "Boat-shaped Coffins" suspended from cliffs, said to be some 3,800 years old, can still be seen. After Emperor Qin Shihuang conquered Yue, he set up Minzhong Prefecture, and a city on the site of present-day. Wuyishan was founded as a border city. In the fifth year of the Chunhua reign period of the Northern Song Dynasty (994), the area was named Chong'an County, and in the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368) Chong'an County came under the jurisdiction of Jianyang Lu. The area became well-known when the leading philosopher Zhu Xi gave lectures in Ching'an, where he resided for some time. In 1989, Chong'an County was re-named Wuyishan City.

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Geography

Located at the foot of the southeastern slope of Huanggang Mountain, the main peak of the Wuyi Mountains, Wuyishan City sits on hilly land consisting of red gravel rocks, with an elevation of about 400m. The highest peak exceeds 700m. With an area of 60sq km, Wuyishan City lies between latitudes 27o35ˊ-27o43ˊN, and longitudes 117o55ˊ-118o01ˊE. The city boasts unique natural scenery of bluish-green waters and reddish hills. The physiognomy of Wuyishan is typical Danxia Landscape. The peaks of the Wuyi Mountains are vivid, elegant and grotesquely shaped. Of them, Danxie Hill is of Particular attraction.

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Climate

Located close to the tropic of Cancer, Wuyishan City has a sub-tropical, humid monsoon climate. The high mountains to the northwest of the city keep off cold air from the north in winter, and block warm and humid air currents from the ocean in spring and summer. Hence, the city has a warm, fresh and cool climate, with an average annual temperature of 17.9℃. July is the hottest month of the year, when the average temperature is about 27℃. January is the coldest month, when the average temperature is about 8℃. The city is suitable for tourism all the year round. Wuyishan City has much rainfall, with a mean annual precipitation of around 1,900mm, concentrated in spring and summer. It has 150-160 rainy days and about 110 foggy days a year.

In early spring, Wuyishan City is Very pretty, with green mountains, clear waters and colorful flowers, in addition to the delicate scent of birch trees. In summer, the city is a pleasant resort, with densely growing trees, murmuring streams, and cool winds. In the clear and crisp autumn, the city boasts red maple leaves and camellias in full bloom, making people feel relaxed and happy. In winter, beautiful plum blossoms and green pine trees form a lovely picture. The scenery of the mountains is changeable at different times of the day, and is particularly appealing on windy, rainy or snowy days.

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Natural Ecological Environment

Wuyishan City has an extremely fortunate natural ecological environment, its forest coverage rate being 53 percent. In the Wuyishan National Tourist Attraction Area, the forest coverage rate reaches 65.3 percent, and 98 percent of the Wuyishan National Nature Reserve is covered by forests. The quality of its air and water greatly exceeds the state's standards. Tourism plays a leading role in Wuyishan's economy. The setting up of industrial projects which may harm the natural environment is forbidden here. When the Chairman of the Executive Board of the World Tourism Organization visited Wuyishan, she said, "Unpolluted Wuyishan is a good model for the world environmental protection." Dr. Moroy of UNESCO World Heritage Committee once claimed, "Wuyishan is the everlasting symbol of Chinese natural resources which can be applied continuously."

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Economy

Wuyishan City mainly relies on its export-oriented economy, and tourism is its pillar industry. Every year, the revenue contributed by tourism makes up more than one third of the city's total. By relying on its rich bamboo, timber, rock tea and granite resources, it has formed a series of sturdy industries mainly serving tourism, including the production of tourist arts and crafts, processing of bamboo and forest products, making fine rock tea and quanying granite. Wuyishan City is also a commodity grain base and key forest area, as well as a famous tea producer in China. Its agriculture has constantly been optimized along with the development of tourism, and its grain, timber, tea, bamboo products, flowers and vegetable sectors are thriving.

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Culture

Wuyi Mountains is a famous cultural mountain with a long history. Since the Qin and Han dynasties, it has been held in great esteem, and in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it was named a famous mountain by the Court. It was reputed to be the location of the "No.16 Cavern" by the Taoists, and of the "Cavern of Idealist Philosophy in the South" in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). Zhu Xi, a scholar who created Neo-Confucianism during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), installed himself in the "Wuyi Best Cottage" here, where he gathered his disciples, gave lectures and wrote books, thus turning it into a cultural and academic center in Southeast China. Many men of letters, such as Li Shangyin, Lu You, Xin Qiji, Liu Yong, Xu Xiake and Qi Jiguang toured Wuyi Mountains, leaving more than 2,000 immortal articles and poems in the area. Wuyi Mountains has numerous unique historical sites, such as the boat-shaped coffins of the Shang (ca. 16th-11th century B.C.) and Western Zhou (11th century-771B.C.) dynasties, the ruins of an ancient city of the Han Dynasty, the ruins of the Ziyang Academy, the ruins of the 10,000 Year Palace, Cheng Village the Xiamei Building Complex of the Qing Dynasty, the Yongle Buddhist Temple, the Taoyuandong Taoist Temple, the Zhizhi Nunnery, Yuqing Bridge and ancient cliff carvings. There is a wealth of folk takes about the mountain. Scholar Cai Shangsi wrote a poem: "Eastern Zhou gave birth to Confucius, and Southern Song, to Zhu Xi. China's ancient culture is represented by Tai Mountains and Wuyi Mountains."

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A Survey of Tourist Industry

Wuyishan City is the only tourism city named after a famous mountain in Fujian Province. It is rich in tourism resources, with unique scenic spots and many historical sites. It has a state key scenic area, key nature reserve, key tourist resort, first-class airport, and the ruins of the ancient city of the Han Dynasty at Chengcun, which is included in the fourth category of historical monuments and cultural relics under state protection. Thanks to its unique geographical location, the Chinese Government has given it approval to set up examining port organizations such as customs and border, commodity, animals and plants, and hygiene supervision bodies. With the approval of the General Administration of Customs, the Wuyishan Bonded Warehouse Zone has been set up here.

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City Flower of Wuyishan Orchid

Wuyishan City is located in the sub-tropical zone, with a warm climate and plentiful rainfall. Hence it is suitable for growing orchids. Known as the "Haze Flower" in ancient times, more than 100 varieties of orchids are grown in the area, including many valuable species peculiar to China, such as golden thread meadow rue. Wuyi Mountains are full of various kinds of orchids. When visiting Wuyi Mountains in the 1960s, leading leading modern writer Guo Moruo spoke highly of the orchids here: "Orchids in the deep and secluded valley give out a faint fragrance, and bamboo groves all over the mountains make the streams green" The people of Wuyishan City have a special love for orchids, and potted orchids can be seen in almost every family. In 1995, the Municipal People's Congress unanimously chose the orchid as the city flower of Wuyishan.

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City Tree of Wuyishan

In Wuyishan, people can see towering trees every, where, most of which are camphor trees. The oldest camphor tree is more than 1,000 years old. As the camphor tree has strong vitality, luxuriant branches and leaves, and of high value, it has been loved by the people of Wuyishan since ancient times. In 1995, the Municipal People's Congress decided to make the camphor tree the city tree of Wuyishan.

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The Symbol of the City the Wuyi Soul Group Sculpture

The Wuyi Soul Group Sculpture is located at the juncture of the city proper of Wuyishan and the tourist attraction. 14-meter high and made with local produced red granite, the sculpture shows the legendary Peng Zu and his two sons, Peng Wu and Peng Yi, opening up waste land, regulating rivers and water courses, uprooting brambles and thorns, dispelling evils and slaying beasts on Wuyi Mountains. The figures represent a pristine force of soul and spirit. The theme of the sculpture combines with art and the environment in a harmonious whole. It was designed by Prof. Sheng Yang, a leading Chinese sculptor, and Secretary of the Party Committee of the Central Academy of Fine Arts. Zhu Qizhan, 102 years old, a top calligrapher, wrote the inscription for the sculpture.

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The Tourist logo of the City Jade Girl Peak

Jade Girl Peak stands by the Second Bend of the Nine Bend Stream-the Wuyishan Area of Scenic Spots and Historical Sites. More than 100m high, the summit of the peak is full of colorful flowers, like girl's hair decorated with wild flowers. The cliff is elegant and smooth, just like a piece of carved jade. If you look at the peak while floating on a bamboo raft, the Jade Girl Peak is just like a beautiful girl. "A remarkable peak decorated with flowers stands by a river, just like a pure and pretty girl"-a true portrayal of the charming Jade Girl Peak. The peak is not only the tourist logo of Wuyishan, but also the tourist logo of Fujian Province.

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Local Culture

Folk Arts
Paper-cuts of Wuyishan have a long history. Now traditional Paper cut arts can still be found in the rural areas of Wuyishan. Many paper-cuts of Wuyishan have won prizes by the State and Province. Hence Paper-cuts have become Wuyishan's special arts and crafts with local flavor.

Local Customs

  • Taoist Music
    Taoist music is a must in any important Taoist activity holding in Kaiyuantang, attracting pious Taoism believers in Neighborhood.

  • Dragon Dance
    In the first lunar month every year, farmers in the suburbs of Wuyishan City come to the city proper to perform the dragon dance, praying for a good weather for crops.

  • Dragon Boat Race
    At the Dragon Boat Festival every year, which falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, a dragon boat race is held in the Chongyang Stream in Wuyishan City. It has become a routine tourist activity.

  • Shifan Gongs and Drums
    At important festivals and celebrations, the Shifan Gong and Drum Band is a must in Wuyishan City. The band consists of aged local artists, who play 10 kinds of musical instruments, such as the drum, gong, suona horn (a woodwind instrument), flute, erhu (a two-stringed bowed instrument), pipa (a plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard), etc. most music played by the band sings the praises of local people's life.

  • Picking Tea to Offer Sacrifices to Ancestors
    The people of Wuyishan City begin to pick Rock Tea around the Pure Brightness Festival every year. Before starting to pick tea, the local people would hold a sacrificial ceremony, praying for a bumper harvest of tea and smooth processing of tea while shouting at a loud voice "tea sprouting".

  • Wuyi Tea Arts
    Wuyi Rock Tea has its own special fragrance. On the basis of the ancient experience of boiling, processing and supervising tea, the Wuyi people have summed up a set of "Wuyi Tea Arts", which integrate tasting tea, enjoying performances and appreciating arts into one, thus greatly enriching the connotations of tea arts. There are altogether 27 procedures, such as Taking an Honored Seat, Burning Incenses, Playing Music, Boiling Mountain Stream, Black Dragons Entering the Palace, Pouring Water from a Kettle, the Spring Wind Caressing Faces, Presenting Snacks, Tasting Tea, Appreciating Songs and Dances, Dragons Playing in the Water, etc.

Festivals and Celebrations

  • International No-self Tea Fair
    Name : International No-self Tea Fair
    Place : Scenic Area
    Time : Once every two years
    Sponsor : Rock Tea Corporation
    Brief Account : The International No-self Tea Fair, jointly sponsored by the personages of the tea circles from the mainland of China (Wuyishan), Taiwan, Japan and the Republic of Korea, advocates the pursuit of the true essence of tea, and the harmony between human beings and the nature. So far eight No-self Tea Fairs have been held in different places. Wuyishan sponsored the second, fourth and sixth such tea fairs. During the Tea Fair, tea lovers from China and the rest of the World came to Wuyishan, sitting on the grassland, by the streams and at the top of the mountains to taste tea, feel the tea's no-self spirit and exchange the understanding of the tea culture with each other. It is one of the important cultural activities of Wuyishan.

  • Climbing Huang-gang Mountain
    Name : Climbing Huang-gang Mountain
    Place : Nature Reserve
    Time : Once every two years
    Sponsor : The Municipal tourism Bureau
    Brief Account : Huanggang Mountain is the highest peak in southeast China. Climbing Huanggang Mountain plays an active role in promoting Wuyishan's sports tourism and enriches its tourism contents.

  • Festivals Agencies List
    Name : Wuyi Rock Tea Festival
    Place : Holiday Resort
    Time : Once every two years
    Sponsor : The Municipal Tourism Bureau
    Brief Account : To further promote the Wuyi Rock Tea, develop the Wuyi tea culture, open wider to the outside world, and propel the city's economic development, Wuyishan City, starting from 1990, holds the Wuyi Rock Tea Festival once every two years. During the festival, Wuyishan City invites domestic and foreign friends, businessmen and tourism personnel to discuss the matters about tea, taste the Rock Tea, appreciate tea songs and dances, hold economic and trade talks and strengthen tourism cooperation. Wuyishan City tries to propel the economic and trade development through tourism.

    Name : Dragon Lantern Contest at the Lantern Festival
    Place : Holiday Resort
    Time : Once a year
    Sponsor : The Municipal Tourism Bureau, Sports Committee, Reserve Area Administration bureau
    Brief Account : On the 15th day of the first lunar month, dragon lanterns from all over the city will be gathered at the Holiday Resort in the city proper for the Dragon Lantern Contest.

    Name : Dragon Boat Race at the Dragon Boat Festival
    Place : City Proper
    Time : Once a year
    Sponsor : Sports Committee
    Brief Account : A dragon boat race is held on the Chongyang Stream in Wuyishan City at the Dragon Boat Festival every year.

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Transportation

Accessibility to Wuyishan City
Thanks to the efforts during the Eighth Five-year Plan period, Wuyishan's transport facilities have greatly improved. With a total investment of more than 600 million yuan collected through various channels, Wuyishan City has constructed an airport, railways, highways and other tourism transport facilities. As a result a convenient and quick transport network consisting of highways, railways and airlines has been formed, and Wuyishan comes out in front in all famous tourism areas in China in terms of transport facilities. The Wuyishan Airport is now operating 18 domestic and international air routes. Regular flights fly from Wuyishan to Hong Kong. Beijing, Shanghai Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Xi'an, Xiamen and other large and medium-sized cities in China. The railways from Wuyishan to Fuzhou, Xiamen and Quanzhou have been opened to traffic. In 1998 and 1999, several dozens of special tourism trains ran from Beijing, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Wuhan to Wuyishan. In addition, Wuyishan City has public buses and special tourism buses going from the city proper to its scenic areas, plus more than 200 taxies, thus providing convenience to domestic and foreign tourists.

The Airport for Domestic and International Airlines (or Chartered Planes)

The Wuyishan Airport used to be a military airport. The enlargement works of the airport began in 1992, with a total investment of 96 million yuan, and it was completed and began operation in January 1994. It is a 4C-class airport (a state I type airport), with a capacity of handling 420,000 passengers a year. Since opening, its aviation has developed rapidly. The airport is now operating 18 air routes, with scheduled flights going to Fuzhou, Xiamen, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Nanjing, Wuhan and Hong Kong, and its domestic aviation network radiates to all parts of the country, except Southwest and Northeast China. In 1997 the Wuyishan Airport transported 252,000 people/times, ranking 47th in the nation's 142 civil aviation airports. Between 1994 and 1998, it guaranteed the safety flight of 12,994 planes, carried 93,156 people/times, and transported 3,974 tons of goods and mails, with an average annual growth rate being 41.8 percent, 48 percent and 15.7 percent, respectively. It is one of the medium and small-sized airports in East China which have developed fastest and exerted best economic returns.


The Railway Station and Special Tourism Trains
At the end of 1998, passenger trains began to run from the Wuyishan Railway Station to Fuzhou, Xiamen and Quanzhou; and in 1999, passenger trains will go from Wuyishan to East China and the rest of the country. Now there are special tourism trains going to Beijing, Nanjing, Wuhan, Hangzhou and other cities.

Traffic in City Proper
Public Buses
The Public Traffic Routes :

Routes

Starting Point

Destination

No.1

Shixiong Street

The Municipal Party’s School

No.2

Cold Storage Plant

The Municipal sanitation and
Antiepidemic Station

No.3

Wuyi Hotel

Railway Station

No.4

Hengjietou

Holiday Resort

Taxis :
Wuyishan now has a total of 1,000 or so taxis, including more than 170 "mini buses" (with Changhe and songhuajiang minibuses as the mainstay), and more than 60 cars (mainly Santana). All the taxies are under strict control, and provide standardized services. "Minibuses" will charge fees according to the standards designated by the price department, and other taxies will charge fees according to the taximeter. The supervision and complaint telephone numbers can be found in every taxi.

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Entertainment and Recreation

Cinemas
Wuyishan City has five cinemas, of which the Nanmen Cinema is the largest, with more than 1,000 seats. Films can be released and performances can be shown at the Nanmen Cinema. Small-sized cinemas can be found in the scenic areas and holiday resorts to meet the needs of different tourists.
Address of the Nanmen Cinema: Wujiu Road, Wuyishan City
Tel : 5302013
Address of the Xingcun Cinema: Xingcun Village, Wuyishan City
Tel : 5262941

Song and Dance Halls
The song and dance halls of various grades in Wuyishan City are the main public places of entertainment, which can meet the needs of different tourists.

Name

Add

Tel

JJ Disco Hall

Hengjietou, Wuyishan City

5313383

Bailemen Song and Dance Hall

Chong’an Street, Wuyishan City

5302389

Tianyuan Song and Dance Hall

Wuyiu Road, Wuyishan City

5305758

Hongyun Recreation City

Sangu, Wuyishan City

5252899

Gymnasiums and Sports Grounds
Wuyishan has a mini golf course, a bowling hall, a tennis court, and swimming pools, etc.
Golf Club
Add : Wuyishan National Tourism and Holiday Resort
Tel : 5252383
Bowling Hall
Add : New Raoshu Village, Wuyishan City
Tel : 5306973
Name : Tennis Court
Add : Wuyi Palace, Wuyishan City
Tel : 5306973
Swimming Pool
Add: Wuyishan National Tourism and Holiday Resort
Tel: 5252880
Celebrity Tea-art House
Address : Wuyi Palace, Wuyi Mountains City
Telephone : 0599-5252108
Service Items : tea ceremony performance, tea songs and dances
Huacai Bowling Room
Address: Wuyi Mountains National Tourist & Holiday Zone
Telephone : 0599-5251908
Service facility : a 16-alley Room

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Shopping

Shopping

  • Sun City Shopping Center
    Sun City Shopping Center is the biggest tourist service center in Wuyi Shan area, which includes shopping, sightseeing, entertainment and tea-art shows. It is the designated reception unit approved by Fujian Tourism Administration, and the designated shopping center as well. The Sun City is located on the second floor of the Free Market of Agricultural Products at the southern end of the Sangu Business Street in the Holiday Zone, with a total area of 4800m2 and more than 260 employees. It is financed by the Dingsheng Tourism & Trade Co., Ltd. of the Wuyishan City. Please feel free to call the Sun City at 5252526, 5252970, 5252973, 5252100, and 5251886 for any of the following services : Shopping Hall: there are 60 special-purpose counters, for local products, tourist art ware, products made of snakes, and product series made of bear gall, along with commercial exhibition of huge tree-root carving and fashionable furniture.

    Tea-art Center: there are 18 tea-art halls and 3 tea-tasting rooms with a tatami floor, where the traditional Wuyi tea ceremony is performed and the authentic Wuyi Rock tea, provided by the city's Tea Company, is sold. Jewelry Store: a business area of 1000m2, selling gold jewelry, gem and jade articles, providing an integrated service of processing, displaying, and buying. Financed by Mr Huang Yingcong a businessman from Taiwan. The store is also called "Gold City".
    Nightclub : with luxury ballroom, and 6 KTV boxes, 24-hour business time. The company also conducts exhibitions of master calligraphy and paintings and provides VIP rest rooms and other public facilities.

  • Long life House of Glossy Ganoderma
    The Long-life House of Glossy Ganoderma of the Wuyi shan City is a direct sale office of the Long-life Farm of glossy Ganoderma, and is a foreign-affairs concerning designated reception unit approved by the provincial tourism administration. Displayed in the house are rarely-seen huge glossy ganoderma and various wikl glossy ganoderma, along with every kind of glossy ganoderma cultivated in imitation to wild glossy ganoderma, gleaned at different periods. It is now the largest designated tourist store of glossy ganoderma in Fujian. Modern science has proved that glossy ganoderma contains 18 amino acids, 23 organic microelements, polysaccharide peptide, fungal lysozyme, etc. It is cap able of enhancing human immune competence, clearing away the lung-heat, nourishing the liver and the stomach, delaying cell aging, reducing human chromatosis, etc. Germanium, chromium, strontium found in glossy ganoderma can resist radiation and can be used for preventing and curing of cancer. Glossy ganoderma is also a convenient and healthy food that is very precious. You can take it with boiling water, stew it in soup, stew with chicken or duck, or infuse it in liquor.
    Address : Wuyi Mountains National Tourist & Holiday Zone
    Telephone : 0599-5253088, Fax : 0599-5251606

  • Baoshu (Precious Tree) Hall
    The Wuyi Mountains Baoshu Hall Pharmaceutics Co. Ltd. is a Sub-company of Beijing Baoshu Hall Pharmaceutics Co., Ltd. It is now a foreign-affairs conceming, designated reception unit approved by the provincial tourism administration, built with a purpose of carrying forward the power of Chinese medicine that has had thousand years of history and amazing achievements. Using rare and expensive medicinal materials and modern pharmaceutics formulas conforming to international standards, the company is your first choice for your illness curing and health care. Main Products of the company include the Skin-care Master, Kidney-nourishing Ball of Turtle and Deer, Stroke-removing and Museles & Joints-relaxing Ball, Liver Soothing Ball, Leucorrhea Halting Ball, Stone Hu Noctilucent Ball, Wufu Health protection and Strengthening Ball, Traumatic Injury and Blood-Circulation Invigorating Ball, Pagoda tree Pod Ball, Infantile Convulsion Powder, Hair-blackening Ball, Wuzi Yanzong Ball, Gallbladder-nourishing and Gall-Stone Removing Tablet, Reforming Ball, Diabetes Master, and so on.
    Address : Baoshu Hall, Wuyi Town, Wuyi Shan City
    Telephone : 0599-5202881, Fax : 0599-5202986

  • List of Major Shopping Sports in Wuyishan

List of Major Shopping Spots in Wuyishan

Name

Address

Postcode

Tel

Maln Commodities

Sun City Shopping Center

Holiday Resort

354302

5252526

Local Specialty

Long-life House of Glossy Ganoderma

Holiday Resort

354302

5253088

 

Tea Culture Exchange Center

Holiday Resort

354302

5202619

Tea

Bidan Snake Garden

Wuyi Palace

354302

5252223

Snake Products

Wuyishan Painting & Calligraphy Society

Song Street in Wuyi Palace

354302

5252013

Paintings & Calligraphy

Baoshu Hall Pharmaceutics Co., Ltd.

Holiday Resort

354302

5202881

Medicine

Bidan Snake Garden
Wuyishan Painting & Calligraphy Society
Tea Culture Exchange Center

Restaurants

  • Curtain-Pavilion Banquet Hall(Special Dishes)
    Entertaining Immortals With West Lake Carp
    Duke Wen Covering Treasure
    Dragon Spitting Pearl
     

  • Major Restaurants in Wuyishan

Name Address Tel (0599) Features

Liuxiang Building

Holiday Resort

5252997 Peasant Family Banquet

Yunqing Restaurant

Uandao West Rd.

5302791 Local Flavor

Juzhen Restaurant

Huandao West Rd.

5313986 With Songs and Dances

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  Information provided by China National Tourism Administration.

 

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