Tianjin

The formation of Tianjin has undergone a long period of time. The name of Tianjin, first emerged during the early period of Emperor Yongle of China's Ming Dynasty, means a ferry crossing where the Son of Heaven has passed. In the second year of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1404), Tianjin started building fortifications and defenses as a strategic military place. In 1860 Tianjin was turned into an open port. For years its industrial production and port trade volume were only second to Shanghai, becoming the second largest commercial city in China and the biggest financial and trading center in north China. After the founding of the People's Republic of China Tianjin was turned into a municipality directly under the central authorities.

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Transportation

Transportation
Tianjin has the Binhai International Airport, as well as Tianjin Station, West Station and North Station for trains. It also has China's largest man-made harbor-the Tianjin New Harbor. The Beijing-Tianjin-Tanggu Express way can also bring you to Tianjin. There is a well-developed highway network in the city featuring three rings and 14 trunk highways radiating to directions. So, Tianjin has formed a land-sea-air cubic traffic system, offering convenient traffic facilities.

Expressway
The Beijing-Tianjin-Tanggu Expressway is a State key construction project. It starts in the west from the Southeast Fourth Ring Road, Beijing and goes eastward to the Hebei Road, Tanggu District of Tianjin. With a total length of 142.69 km, the section running through the territory of Tianjin is 100.85 km. There are 43 bridges and six butterfly-type overpasses spanning the Tianjin section of the expressway. There are six exits, that is, Yangcun Station, Yixingbu Station, Jinzhong Rd. Station, Tianjin Airport Station, Tianjin Tanggu Station, Tianjin Junlian gcheng Station (unopened). The expressway has four lanes and overpasses. Traffic entrance and exit are under control. The expressway has complete service facilities, and advanced monitoring system.

Water Transport
Tianjin port Passenger Transport Wharf

Tianjin Port is located in the western bank of Bohai Bay, and is the largest man-made port in China. It is the only way for passengers go to Beijing by sea. Tianjin Port Passenger Transport Station has two 7,000-dwt berths. The area of the station covers 30,000 square meters. The passenger transport station has a two-story main building, equipped with complete advanced facilities, including nine waiting halls and rooms. The main building is flanked by the ticket hall and the dining hall. To the east of the building stand a trunk room and a checkroom. The Tianjin Port now opens three regular passenger ships by sea. They are from Tianjin to Longkou, Yantai and Dalian respectively. There are two regular international passenger ships: from Tianjin to Kobe of Japan, and from Tianjin to Jinsen of Republic of Korea. During the tourist season, Tianjin Port has also received irregular passenger ships from Europe and Japan.
Steamship
Steamship to the following cities:
Domestic regular steamship service,
Tianjin-Yantai, Tianjin-Dalian
International regular steamship service,
Tianjin-Kobe of Japan, Tianjin-Jinsen of Republic of Korea

Railway Station
Tianjin has four railway stations for passenger transport, the largest being Tianjin station. The station, located in the city center to the east side of Jiefang Bridge spanning over the Haihe River, handles both passenger and cargo transport. It can accommodate 10,000 passengers waiting for trains at the same time, handling 126 passenger trains and 62 cargo trains. There are many trains starting from Tianjin Station and via Tianjin, bounding to Beijing, Shijiazhuang, Guangzhou, Xi'an, Shanghai, Nanjing, Harbin, Hongkong, Kow loon and other 32 cities. Besides the Tianjin Station, there are the North, West and South stations. The North Station situated in Hebei District, links up the Beijing-Harbin and Beijing-Shanghai trunk railways. The West Station lies in the northern tip of the Jinpu Railway, Handling the passenger transport from Beijing to Shanghai. The South Station, located in the Hedong District, is a cargo transport station. The tourist trains include: Tianjin-Beijing, Tianjin-Chengde, Tianjin-Jixian and Tianjing-Tai'an lines.

Air Transport
Tianjin Airport

Tianjin Binhai International airport is located in the Zhangguizhuang, Dongli District, Tianjin, 13 km from the city proper. Tianjin Binhai International Airport is rated as one of the State first-class aviation ports. It has a 4D-class runway, 3,200 meters long and 50 meters wide, and is able to accommodate various Boeing airplanes including 747-400 for landing and taking off. With the annual designed capacity of handling 90,000 airplanes landing or taking off. The waiting building has an annual handling capacity of 2 million passengers. Its parking apron covers 350,000 square meters and is able to accommodate 30 large and medium-sized airplanes. A parking area, covering 20,000 square meters, has been completed recently. The airport now opens more than 30 domestic and international airlines, with 266 scheduled flights every week. Tianjin Binhai International airport is the largest cargo transport center in China. The countries that have established international chartered plane business ties with Tianjin Airport include: Japan, Malaysia, Russia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. The airport opens domestic air lines to Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Huangshan, Kunming, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shantou, Shenzhen, Simao, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Lijiang, Xishuangbanna, Zhengzhou, Hong kong, Seoul of Republic of Korea, Nagoya and Osaka of Japan, Kiev of Ukraine and New Siberia of Russia.


Urban Traffic

  • Tianjin Subway
    Tianjin's subway was formally opened to traffic in 1984, and it stretches 7.4 km so far. There are eight stations along the line: xinhualu Station, Yingkoudao station, Anshandao Station, Haiguangsi Station, Erweilu Station, Xinanjiao Station, Xibeijiao Station and Xizhan station. It takes 12 minutes to run through the whole course. The business hours from 5:30 am-22:30 pm. Since form ally opening to the public, its daily average passenger transport capacity has reached 30,000, totaling 10 million a year. Tianjin is the second city following Beijing to open subways. The expansion project is under construction. It will extend from Xinhualu, via Xiaobailou, Tucheng and Fuxingmen, to Tianjin College of Finance and Economics, totaling 10.24 km.
    Sketch Map for Tianjin Subway
    Xizhan-Xibeijiao-Xinanjiao-Erweilu-Haiguangsi-Anshandao-Yingkoudao-Xinhualu

  • Public Bus

Major Public Bus Lines in the City Proper

Line

Departure

Terminus

No.1 quanyechang Department Store, People’s Theatre

People’s Building

Northern station

No.2 Beian Bridge, Jintang Bridge, Jingang Bridge, Western Station

Tianjin Station

Shaogong zhuang

No.3 Dayingmen, Xiaobailou, International Mansion, Friendship Hotel, Haiguang Temple

xiawafang

Jieyuanxidao

No.4 Hebei Road, Tianjin Foreign Languages Institute, Huangjiahuayuan, Science and Technology Museum

Tianjin Amusement Park

Xiaowangzhuang

No.5 Tianjin Station, Shizilin Bridge, Xign

Tianjin Station

Dingzigu

No.8 Department Store, General Hospital, Balitai, Fukanglu

Tianjin Station

Tianjin zoo

No.9 Tangshandao, Huangjiahuayuan Gymnasium, Huanhuzhonglu,

Heping Station

Sports Institute North

No.13 Datongdao, Dalianddao, Zhejianglu, Hebeilu, Friendship Company Crystal Palace Hotel

Tianjin Station

Sports Institute North

No.26 People’s Auditorium, Children’s Hospital, Tianjin Hotel

Central Park

Heiniuchengdao

  • Taxi
    There are 32,000 taxis running in the city. So far, these taxis are mainly produced by Tianjin, including Xiali cars and Daihatsu mini buses. Some of them are Santana, Red Flag and Toyota cars. Round-the-clock taxi service is available at airport, railway stations, various hotels and tourist attractions. Service fees are charged according to miles of running, and different car models. Fees are varied from 1-2 yuan/per km, with 7-10 km as a starting price. On the top of a car is a sign lamp reading TAXI. Above the gauge unit inside the car is a passenger transport certificate and security certificate issued by concerned departments. Driver's chest card has the contents of a photo, name, unit, and telephone number, Passenger transport supervision telephone 23360004 is printed inside the car.

  • Special Tourist Bus Lines
    Urban Bus Lines to Main Scenic Spots : Jixian County Tourist Scenic Area and the City Public Traffic Departments provide tourist chartered bus service, with the number of tourist buses reaching 200:Panshan Mountain, every Saturday, Sunday. Bus Line No.38, one-day-tour from Chengjiang Road to Panshan Mountain Bathing Beach (seasonal): People's Building-Bathing Beach, Tanggu-Bathing Beach.
    East Lihu Lake Holiday Resort : No.663
    Yangliuqing Forest Park : No.153
    North China Shooting Range : No.607
    The Little World at Yaugcun : No.607 No.611
    Water Park : No.16, No.94, No.98, No.8, No.611, No.612, No.848
    Dabei Buddhist Temple : No.1, No.4, No.12, No.619, No.611, No.612, No.624, No.824
    Ancient Culture Street : No.1, No.4, No.12, No.15, No. 619, No.611, No.612, No.624, No.824
    Heavenly Tower : No.16, No.94, No.98, No.9, No.8, No.161, No.168, No.178
    The Science and Technology Museum: No.48, No.47, No.647, No.648, No.4, No.33, No.20, No.615, No.98
    Special Tourist Trains

    Bathing Beach : Departure from Tanggu Railway Station
    Yangliuqing Forest Park : Departure from West Station,
    The Little World at Yangcun : Jingang Bridge, Central Park
    Sightseeing Buses
    Tianjin Station-No.2 Hospital-Jintang Bridge-Ancient Culture Street-Xin'an Shopping
    Square-Nanmalu-Nanshi Food Street-Long March Hospital-Haiguang Temple-Wandezhuang Manor-West Lake Village-Traditional Medicine Hospital-Western Gate of Tianjin University-Zhaohuxili-Central Hospital-Farm Product Market-Chuxiongdao-Yingjianglu

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  Information provided by China National Tourism Administration.

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