Silk Road was a famous trade passageway in ancient times, going across
Asia to Europe. It started at Chang’an (present-day Xia’n) in the east
and ran for 7,000 kilometers through China’s Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia,
Qinghai and Xinjiang, over the Congling Range (present-day Pamir) and
across part of the Commonwealth of Independent States in central Asia
, Afghannistan, Iran, Iraq and Syria before it reached the east coast
of Mediterranean. The section in China is over 4,000 kilometers long ,
more than half of the total length.
The 2,000-year-old Silk Road has demonstrated a lasting charm through
the centuries. Today it still attracts thousands of tourists from
across the world with its rich historic sites, cultural relics,
beautiful scenery and colorful folklore. In the past the camel was a
major means of transportation. Today tourists can travel along the
route in more efficient and comfortable ways-by air , rail and land.
The Chinese section boasts numerous historic sites and cultural
relics, which include the terracotta army of China’s first emperor of
the Qin Dynasty, Famen Temple, which still keeps bone fragments of
Buddha, Mogao and Maijishan Grottoes, Jiayu Pass of the Great Wall,
the signal towers from the Han Dynasty, famous Ta’er Monastery of
Tibetan Buddhism and the ruins of Gaochang , once a strategic town on
the Silk Road.
Scenery along the route is picturesque and magnificent-the Bird Island
of Qinghai Lake, Swan Nature Reserve in the Bayanbulak Grassland,
Heavenly Lake in the Tianshan Mountains, Salt Lake of Qinghai, wind
corroded terrain of Lopnur, Turpan’s Flaming Mountain, the Ghost City
of Karamay and many others that you care to name.
Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai and Xinjiang along the route of the
Silk Road are inhabited by many Chinese ethnic groups. They differ in
historic background, cultural tradition, religion and way of life, But
they are all known for their hospitality and gift for singing and
dancing. Tourists can experience folk customs, , enjoy singing and
dancing, attend festive seddings and holiday celebrations, and shop
for local arts and crafts in different ethnic communities.
The Silk Road tours have been developed for over a decade as a main
tourist product in northwestern China. Meanwhile, infrastructure has
improved along the way. Today the road has become one of the most
attractive tourist products in China. This brochure highlights both
traditional sightseeing products and newly developed special interest
products, such as desert adventrue, scientific survey, and ecological
and sports tours, to meet the needs of tourists of different interest.