Shenzhen

Long in history, Shenzhen boasts many cultural relies and scenic spots. Those places of interest, such as ancient temples of Jin and Sui Dynasties, Haiguang and Lingdu Temple of Tang Dynasty, Huaidu Temple of Southern Tang Dynasty, Chiwan Goddess Temple of Song Dynasty, Xin'an Eight Sights of Ming and Qing Dynasties, Lingding Island, Longao and Qiniang Mountain, are really nice. After being established as the first special economic zone. Shenzhen has witnessed dramatic tourism development. Besides those time-honored cultural relics and scenic spots, the newly built tourist attractions and facilities are also fascinating. Splendid China and China Folk Culture Village are world-renowned theme parks. Safari Park features in the theme of "Back to Nature". Xiangmi Lake, completed recently, is a big amusement center on water. The golden beach in the east, garden scenery over the sea in the west, and cosmopolitan sights in the downtown area each has its own elegant glamour, and compete for beauty with each other. Shenzhen, a frontier town in the past, now has become a modern international tourist city with garden scenery on the coast of South China Sea.

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Geography

Situated in the coastal area of Middle South of Guangdong Province, Shenzhen lies to the east of the mouth of Pearl River, 160km to Guangzhou, and 35km to Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is located between 22 degree 27 minutes to 22 degree 52 minutes north latitude, and 113 degree 46 minutes to 114 degree 37 minutes east longitude. It ranges 10.8km from north to south and 81.4km from east to west. Shenzhen faces Daya Bay to the east, reaches Pearl River mouth to the west, borders Hong Kong on the south, and neighbors Huizhou and Dongguan on the north. It covers a total area of 2,020 square kilometers. Covering one sixth of Shenzhen territory, Shenzhen Special Economic Zone is long and narrow stripe of land, which starts from Beizaijiao, Dapeng Bay in the east and ends at Anle Village in the west; new territory of Hong Kong is in the south and Wutong and Yangtai Mountains in the north. Totaling 327.5 square kilometers, Shenzhen Special Economic Zone is 49km long from east to west and 7km wide from north to south on average and is the second largest economic zone in China, nest to Hainan Province only.

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Climate

Shenzhen belongs to subtropical climate. With long summer, short winter, and rich rainfalls, it is suitable for tours all year round. Rain season is mainly from May to September. The average precipitation is 1,948.6mm. The average temperature is 22.4 degrees centigrade with the highest point of 36.6 degrees centigrade and the lowest point of 1.4 degrees centigrade. The duration of sunshine is 2,120 hours in a year. Kept back by the hills, the typhoon in summer and autumn will come to Shenzhen no more than once a year.

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Natural Ecological Environment

An area of 931 square kilometers can be used for city development, 46% of total area. The rest is preserved for agriculture, water resources, forestland, and grassland. There are over 90 kinds of wild animals with economic value under protection at state level. Shenzhen River runs 35km long. Shenzhen has a coastline of 230km and is abundant in mineral and aquatic resources. At the same time with the rapid economic development, Shenzhen tries to gain full improvement of all social sectors. Recently, it is a warded as the National Sanitation City, the National Garden City, the National Model City in Terms of Environment Protection, and Top Tourist City of China. A group of blocks of flats are appraised as the Model Blocks of National Property Management. The city owns modem cultural facilities, such as Book City, theaters and libraries. Orchestras and dancing troupes are also available here.

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Economy

Founded in 1979, Shenzhen was established as one of the Special Economic Zones in China. Shenzhen covers a total area of 2,020 square kilometers, and has coastline of 230km. Shenzhen Special Economic Zone covers 327.5 square kilometers. The population reached 3.95 million in 1998, with 1.85 million in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. In the recent decade, Shenzhen has made remarkable progress in social and economic development, and transformed the border town in the past into a modern metropolis with the Shenzhen Spirit, which features exploitation, creation, union and dedication. From 1980 to 1998, GDP of Shenzhen increases 32.2% yearly on average, and reached 128.9 billion in 1998. Shenzhen is famous for the Shenzhen Spirit and Shenzhen Efficiency. The comprehensive economic strength of Shenzhen now takes the leading position among big and medium-sized cities in China. Shenzhen blueprints its strategy and gives priority to the development of hi-tech. Hi-tech industry has become the No.1 economic growth point and the industry with Shenzhen characteristics. By now, Shenzhen has become one of the main bases of high and new technologies of China. In 1998, the output of hi-tech products amounted to 65.518 billion, making up 35.44% of total industrial output. Shenzhen ranks first in exporting over 10 hi-tech products in China, which include computer, LCD micro electronic machine and compute printer, etc. Approved by the State Council, China Hi-tech Fair (CHTF) is held in autumn each year in Shenzhen, with the joint efforts of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Information Industry, Chinese Science Academy and Shenzhen People's Government. The first CHTF was held from October 5 to 10,1999. CHTF is currently the only national hi-tech fair in China. The Mascot Byte has been selected.

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Culture

Shenzhen is also flourishing in its culture. It now has 5 art troupes, 5 public libraries and 1 museum. The total volume of Shenzhen public libraries reaches 1.678 million. Radio and television coverage rates are 95% and 99% respectively. In a year, it issues 2 movies, 1 television series, 542.68-million-page publications, 14.41 million periodicals, and 7.01 million books.

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A Survey of Tourist Industry

After 19 years' efforts, the tourist industry in Shenzhen has make dramatic progress. Generating large amount of international tourist receipts, Shenzhen now is one of the most important tourist cities of China.
1. Framework of tourist industry has been well established. Total fixed assets of tourist industry in Shenzhen has surpassed ¥20 billion. Tourist services of food, accommodation, transportation, sightseeing, shopping and entertainment are complete and improved. There are 300 hotels at all levels aiming at various needs, among which 93 are star-rated. Shenzhen has 28 international travel agencies, 18 domestic ones, and also over 50 tour offices spread over the region, which make the places of interest accessible to tourists. Tourist attractions have formed a complex with local, natural and cultural characteristics. At present, Shenzhen boasts Splendid China, Window of the World, China Folk Culture Village, Future Time, Joy Valley, Green World, Safari Park, Silver Lake Resort, Xiangmi Lake Resort, Fairy Lake Botanical Garden, Siumuisha Holiday Resort, and Guanlan Golf Club. All these attractions are visited by tens of thousands of visitors from home and abroad every year. In 1998, the number of visitors received in Shenzhen reached 15.93 million person times.
2. Tourist industry in Shenzhen is full of vitality and its economic index takes the leading position in China. The position of tourism has been continuously upgrading. In 1998, ranking fourth in China, international tourist receipts of tourist industry in Shenzhen amounted to US$987 million, making up one third of the provincial and 8% of the national foreign tourist receipts. The international tourist arrivals to Shenzhen reached 2.3425 million, ranking third in China. Tourist industry has become the second leading economic growth point in Shenzhen, showing its influences over local economy and taking up the leading position intertiary industry. The added value of tourism income exceeds 15% of Shenzhen GDP for four consecutive years.
3. Tourist enterprises and service standard in Shenzhen tourism are relatively high.
Over 100,000 people are engaged in tourist industry. Tourist enterprises pay attention to improve their facilities and service standards. Many tourist enterprises are awarded with various titles of honor every year, such as Excellent Enterprises of China tourist Industry, May 1-Labor Award, China Models of Young Pioneers, China Top 50 Star-rated Hotels, China 100 Excellent Star-rated Hotels, China Leading Hotels with Foreign Investment, China Top 100 International Travel Agencies and China Top 100 Domestic Travel Agencies.

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City Flower of Shenzhen, Le Azalea

Le Azalea, also known as Baojin, is mostly in red and purple. The flower has three petals and looks exquisite. Le Azalea has strong vitality and can be found everywhere. It is easy to grow and has a long florescence. When in blossom, it looks gorgeous and bubbling with enthusiasm, which can suitable reflect the beauty and vitality of the city and is selected to be the city flower of Shenzhen.

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City Tree of Shenzhen, Litchi Tree

Litchi trees are the most popular trees in Shenzhen. When litchi is ripening, the air is full of the luring smell. Shenzhen is one of the main places of the production of litchi, and litchi tree then is chosen as the city tree of Shenzhen.

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Symbol of Shenzhen Diwang Mansion

389.95 meters high, Diwang Mansion is the tallest building in Shenzhen at present. It looks magnificent, towering into the clouds. It ranked the fourth in the world, the first in Asia on the Billboard of Super-skyscrapers of the World. It was started to be built in April 1993 and completed in May 1996. It took only three years from design to construction, and it set a construction record of 2.75 days per floor. Being the symbol of the city in 1990s, Diwang Mansion is famous for its first-class speed, design, and management.

Tourist Logo of Shenzhen-China Folk Culture Village

China Folk Culture Village is the tourism logo of Shenzhen. It is the first large-scale folk cultural scenic spot ever built in China, assembling China's folk and ethnic arts, customs, and residential buildings of ethnic groups together. The guidelines of construction is "from life, higher than life, discarding the dross and selecting the essence" It includes 24 villages of 21 ethnic minorities of China, and all these villages are sep up at life-size. Wonderful folk dances are available here. China Folk culture village reflects folk culture of a multi nationality China in different respects.

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Local Culture

Shenzhen Grand Theater Art Festival
Shenzhen Grand Theater is one of the eight famous cultural facilities with almost a hundred million Renminbi Yuan invested by Shenzhen City Government in 1984. It is a multifunctional, modern, and comprehensive cultural site combining art appreciation, song and dance shows, cultural tour and leisure. In 1992, Shenzhen Grand Theater held Shenzhen Grand Theater Art Festival all by itself. The grand festival not only improved the international art exchanges, but also widened the vision of the citizens. The most successful festivals are the Third Art Festival with Concert of the Ninth Symphony of Beet haven and the Sixth Festival with the theme of celebrating Hong Kong's return to China. The theater is a historic mark to help to promote Shenzhen City to a modern international metropolis.


Longgang "Town of Dragon Dance" Art Festival

Longgang is famous for dragon and is known as Dragon Town at home and abroad. The Hakkas here take dragon as the mascot and form a custom to play dragon dance, lion dance and Qilin dance on occasions of holidays and festivals.
With a 300-year history and strong local characteristic, dragon dance is one of the main folk customs, thus, Dragon Culture comes into being. There are a lot of gardens, squares, and sculptures with the theme of dragon. With the total investment of RMB 100 million, a dragon theme park is built in Longgang, which is the only one of its kind in China. Dragon dance troupes often play in foreign countries and regions, such as United States, Canada, and Hong Kong. Dragon dance has won reward of dragon dance contest. There are 55 troupes of dragon, lion, and Qilin dances. About 960 people often take part in the dances for about 130 days in a year. There are about 100 times of dragon dance shows each year.

Name Venue Frequency Organizing Units
Shenzhen Grand Theater Art Festival Shenzhen Grand Theater Once a year Shenzhen Grand Theater
Pengcheng Golden Autumn Art Festival Urban area Twice a year Shenzhen Cultural Bureau
Longgang “Town of Dragon Dance” Art Festival Longgang Town 100 times a year Cultural Bureau of Longgang Town
 

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  Information provided by China National Tourism Administration.

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