Dunhuang

Dunhuang has a long history. As early as the New Stone Age there had been buman beings living on this land. Dunhuang County, which was built in the 6th year of Yuanding of Wu Enterer (111 BC), Han Dynasty, owns a history of over 2,000 years. At the beginning of Western Han, the Huns occupied this area. After his succeeding to the throne, Emperor Wu sent Zhang Qian, a senior official, as an envoy to the Western Regions for the first time in the 3rd year (138BC) of his reign. Then, in the spring of 121 BC, he sent troops led by Biaoji General Huo Qubing to recapture Dunhuang and set up the Yang Pass and the Yumen Pass. In the 2nd year of Yuanding (115BC), Han Dynasty, Zhang Qian visited the Western Regions as an envoy for the second time and opened up the Silk Road. So Dunhuang enter its thriving stage for the first time and developed stop by step into the northwestern military and political center, Besides, it was also an important place for trade and culture, becoming a large metropolis, which connected the people of Han Nationalities with the tribes in the Western China. From Western Han to Western Liang, Dunhuang suffered from chaos caused by wars, and rose and fell for over 400 years.
In 366 AD, Monk Yue Seng opened up the Mogao Grottoes for the first time. And in Northern Wei, they had become very prosperous, then China was unified in Sui Dynasty and as a result the Silk Road was ensured unblocked and the Buddhism in Dunhuang entered a period of great prosperity. A lot of caves, murals and sculptures which were made in Tang Dynasty had reached to a very high artistic level. In the 19 th year of Zhenguan (645 AD), after getting Buddhist scriptures from the Western Regions, Monk Xuan Zang got back to Chang'an via Dunhuang. Dunhuang was occupied by Tubo Dynasty in 781 AD. In 851 AD, Zhang Yi, arich person in Shazhou, convened a lot of people of Han, Hui and Longqiang Nationalities to revolt and then recaptured this land. But in 1036 AD, Li Yuanhao, the leader of Dangxiang Nationality captured Dunhuang. And in the same year, the world-famous "Dunhuang Surviving Works" were sealed up for safekeeping in Mogao Grottoes. In 1036 AD, Dunhuang became a part of Western Xia. And in 1227 AD, the Western Xia was conquered by Mongolian troops. From then on, Dunhuang was under control of them. In Yuan Dynasty, the culture in Dunhuang became unprecedentedly prosperous and the business transaction between this land and Western Regions became more and more frequent.

In 1403 AD, the leader of Dunhuang came over and pledged allegiance to Ming Dynasty. And in 1524 AD, it became a part of Tulufan Kingdom. In the 54th year of Kangxi, Qing Dynasty, the royal troops recaptured Dunhuang. And in the first year of his reign, Emperor YongZheng set up Shazhou Section in Dunhuang and promoted it to Shazhou Guard two years later. He also sent a lot of troops and forced people to go there to plough and sow seeds. Besides, he ordered to divert the water of Danghe River to Dunhuang and divide it into 10 ditches to irrigate the farmlands. As a result, Dunhuang became an oasis in the desert. In 1760 AD, the authorities of Qing Dynasty promoted Shazhou to Dunhuang County. On Sept 28th 1949, it was liberated in peace and on Oct. 7th, the People's Government of Dunhuang County was established. On Sept. 28th, 1987, it was changed from a county to a city and was designated by the State Council as one of the first cities open to foreigners. In 1986, it was named the Famous City of China for History and Culture. In 1992, the government of Gansu Province approved it to be Dunhuang Tourist and Economic Development Region.

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Geography

Dunhuang is situated in the very western end of Hexi Passage in Gansu Province, located in the juncture of 3 provinces, namely Gansu Province, Qinghai Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and under control of Jiuquan Region. It is a small basin with a very particular geographical environment, which links the qilian Mountains from the south, the large desert from the west, the Hexi Passage from the east. Deserts, gobi, oasis, mountains and lakes are all shown in this area, and they enhance beauty of each other with fertile farmlands and abundant natural resources. The average height above the sea level in Dunhuang is 1,138 meters. It covers altogether 312,000 square kilometers. The Danghe River, which is originated from the glacier in Qilian Mountains, runs through the whole oasis with endless stream. It is 390 kilometers in length with a runoff of 0.328 billion cubic meters per year. So it can irrigate 300,000mu fertile farmlands.

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Climate

Dunhuang is located in the inner land and separated by high mountains far from the humid maritime climate. So it is under control of the dry continental climate. The first characteristic of its climate is the amplitude of sunshine. The average sunshine hours per year can reach to 3,200 hours. It has 150 frost-free days every year, and the average temperature of the year is 9.3 degrees centigrade with 24.7 degrees centigrade in July and 9.3 degrees centigrade below zero in January. The second feature is the aridity and the lack of rainfall. A north-inclined sinking air current constantly surrounds the Dunhuang region. Therefore, this region has always been dry and lack of rainfall with clear days all through the year. The rainfall of each year is only 39.9 millimeters while the evaporation can reach 2,400 millimeters. The third feature is the distinction of four seasons with long winter and short summer as well as the great difference in temperature between day and night. It is just as the saying goes: "to wear a fur-lined jacket in the morning, a yarn-made clothes at noon; to eat the water melon near a stove".

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Natural Ecological Environment

Dunhuang is called the Desert Oasis. People can get bumper harvest of wheat, cotton, maize, fruits and vegetables every year. The great differences in temperature between day and night plus the dryness and hotness make the fruits high qualified with copious saccharine, delicious taste and a unique characteristic. Among them, the Liguang apricot, Dangshan pear, Ziyang peach, Mingshan date and Huanghe sweet melon are all the excellent fruit products. During the spring period. Dunhuang is very charming with all kinds of flowers. The fragrance can be smelled a lot of miles away, gladdening the heart and refreshing the mink. In the summer season, the paths on the whole oasis crisscross in the fields are with billowing wheat waves, green shades and countless fruits. In the autumn, the farmlands are filled with the scent of the fruits and the cotton fields look promising. The grape glitters under the shelves. On the grasslands, the flocks of sheep look like the drifting white clouds. The nature has drawn a beautiful picture of bumper harvest. In the winter, all kinds of vegetables are planted in the greenhouses. Therefore, there have always been the supplies of fresh vegetables on the market during the whole year.

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Economy

Dunhuang owns its unique land, sunshine, water conservancy, agricultural by-products, mineral products and tourist resources. Among them, the tourism, agriculture, industry and trade are the four important pillars of Dunhuang. Since the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the municipal Party Committee and the government of Dunhuang have formulated the economic development strategy of being thriving with tourism, stable with agriculture, competent with industry and vigorous with trade. According to the thought of setting the industry as the most important one in order to bring along the other three to get advanced, they speed up the construction of tourist reception facilities and city auxiliary facilities and develop tourist products. They consoled ate the foundation of agriculture, adjust the industrial structure, develop the varieties of the fruits and vegetables, build greenhouses and attach great importance to the highly efficient agricultural industry of three-dimensional planting.

Besides, they also develop the tourist products with unique characteristics of Dunhuang, such as the handicraft carpet, phosphorescent jade made cup, colorful sculpture, statue of Buddha, crystal glasses, crafted camel, calligraphy and painting, stone statue, woodcut and industrial art ceramics. So, the economy of Dunhuang has been developed quickly and exceedingly through establishing markets and accelerating the circulation. In 1996, Dunhuang took the lead in becoming a comfortably off city. The per capita income of peasants reached to 3,027 yuan. The income of its tourism made up 22.4 per cent of the gross national product. Nowadays, Dunhuang is striving towards being an international tourist place and a more comfortably off city.

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Culture

Culture is the most important traits of Dunhuang and is world-famous for its extensive knowledge and profound scholarship. In 1879, Loc chi Kasnishi, President of Hungarian Geology Society and the first foreign scholar to visit China, exclaimed with admiration after he appreciated the Mogao Grottoes arts. In 1902, at the International Oriental Study meeting held in Hamburg, Germany, he told the scholars from Britain, Germany, France and Russia how magnificent and exquisite the Dunhuang arts were. It drew their great attention and interests. In 1900, the discovery of Buddhist scriptures cave in Mogao Grottoes surprised the academia of China and foreign countries even more. Over 50,000 pieces of scriptures written in ancient letters, volumes of Buddhist scriptures, many kinds of silk, pictures, linen paintings, printing products of carving plates, gold-bronze and woodcut statues of Buddha were found in the cave. The so-called scholars of many countries spitted three-feet-long drool with envy for this.

Therefore, in the following 10 years, these so-called scholars and explorers from Britain, Germany, France and Russia plundered a large amount of Dunhuang relics. Since the culture of Buddhist scripture caves was known by the world, the scholars from a lot of countries have made step-by-step research of Dunhuang culture in the fields of plastic arts, murals and architecture by using different methods from all aspects of theoretical courses. So, a special subject which is called the Study of Dunhuang has been formed in the international scientific research.

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A Survey of Tourist Industry

Since adopting the policy of reform and opening up to the outside world, the Communist Party of China and authorities have attached great importance to the research of Dunhuang culture and arts, and to the construction of Dunhuang tourist city. In 1986, Wan Li, the Chairman of the National People's Congress, inspected this place and pointed out that Dunhuang should become an international tourist city with its own unique characteristics. In 1992, Jiang Zemin, the general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC, also inspected this city and pointed out that the Long-term foresight is needed, and the large airport and hotels should be built in order to make Dunhuang an international tourist city. In the April of the same year, the government of Gansu Province granted to set up the Dunhuang tourist and economic development area.

In recent years, all previous municipal Party Committee and municipalities insisted on developing the economy, taking advantage of its unique tourist resources, combining the tourism with the development, giving prominence to the key points, laying solid foundations and improving its investment environment constantly. Besides, the tourist reception facilities are now beginning to take shape. The construction of the city and the auxiliary facilities have been improved increasingly in order to develop the tourist industry. Especially in recent 5 years, 148 construction projects have been finished and a total amount of 470 million yuan has been absorbed as investment. Among them, the foreign capital reached to 190 million yuan. Therefore, a group of well-equipped high-grade restaurants and hotels have been newly built up, such as Dunhuang VIP Buikling, Dunhuang Villa, International Hotel, Sun Hotel, Shazhou Hotel and Dunhuang Hotel.

After the construction of many years, its comprehensive reception capability has made great progress. The large-scaled and well-equipped infrastructure can provide all kinds of good services, including transportation, meals, hotels, traveling service, shopping place and entertainment. The total of all kinds of hotels, restaurants has reached 105. they have nearly 8,000 beds to accommodate people with lodging. Among them, nearly 5,000 are standard beds. Nowadays, Dunhuang owns 16 hotels which are high graded or foreign related, 12 domestic tourism-nominated restaurants, 14 travel agencies and branches which run businesses for international and domestic tourism, 2000 professional people who are taking part in tourist services, 108 license-holding guides who can speak 6 different languages, over 900 travel automobiles that can provide 9000 seats and among which 700 are cabs that can provide 6000 seats. All the persons that take part in tourist services should be trained and examined. And only after getting the qualified licenses could they start their job. As a result, the standardization in tourist services has been enhanced and the procedure level raised continuously. In recent years, Dunhuang has received many VIPs of China and foreign countries, including Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Qiao Shi, Li Ruihuan, Zhu Rongji, Zou Jiahua, Wu Bangguo, Tian Jiyun, Wan Li, Li Tieying; Noboru Takeshita, Japanese Prime Minister; Li Guangyao, the former Singapore Premier; Nala, the Indian President; and Sirindhorn, the Thai Princess.

Since China opened up to foreign countries in 1979, the number of domestic visitors to Dunhuang has increased at an average rate of 14 per cent and foreign visitors 25 percent. By the end of 1998, the number of domestic and international visitors to this place has added up to 5,35 million. Among them, the foreign visitors 0.45 million and only in 1998, the number reached 0.52 million. The total income of the tourist industry has made up 22.4 per cent of the GNP of this city. And the tourism has become an irreplaceable pillar industry in the economic development of Dunhuang.

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Tourism Symbol of the City

Dunhuang is the hometown of flying Apsaras. So the tourist symbol of this city is two lithe and graceful flying Apsarases inlaid in double rings with the words of Dunhuang Tourism both in Chinese and in Dnglish. These words in the double rings symbolize that the international and domestic tourist businesses for Dunhuang help each other forward and develop together in order to make this city world-famous. Flying Apsaras is the Xiangying God in Buddhism and takes charge of welcoming and seeing off the visitors. It symbolizes the profound cultural connotation. The Dunhuang tourism is a high level one in conjunction with culture. The ardent and honest local people of this place will welcome all visitors of China and foreign countries. The slowly up-going flying Apsarases symbolize that the Dunhuang tourism will become more and more prosperous and thriving.

City Symbol
The city symbol of Dunhuang is a white marble-made Buddha statue with an up-side-down pipe, a plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard. It was taken from the Cave 172 of the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes. A beautiful, gentle and affectionate Buddha with an upside down pipe symbolizes that Dunhuang is the Holy Land of culture and arts, and its arts have reached the peak of perfection.

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Local Culture

Summer of Dunhuang Theatrical Festival
Culture is the most outstanding feature of Dunhuang. Generally speaking, Dunhuang culture is embodied in three respects. The first is Silk Road Culture represented by Mogao Grottoes. The second is Frontier Fortress Culture represented by Yangguan and Jade Gate Passes. The third is natural culture represented by Mingsha and Crescent Moon Spring. These kinds of culture, which is a combination of the Eastern and the Western style and with dense color of Buddhism, has been affecting Dunhuang people's production and life. The foldaway of Dunhuang is simple, mild and discreet. Healthy spiritual and cultural life is pursued there.   Traditional opera in ancient places such as Qinqiang and Meihu reflects the theme of admiration to heroes and disdain to wicked power. "Summer of Dunhuang" and Dunhuang musical dances reflect the friendly folkway among different peoples in northwest China. People pilgrimage, offer sacrifices to ancestors, worship Buddha, have leisure and amusement in many grand festivals, such as "April 8's Temple fair", "Dragon Boat Festival Temple Fair" and "Mingsha Mountain Sliding-on-sands Festival".

Summer of Dunhuang Theatrical Festival
"Summer of Dunhuang" is a large festival of literary and artistic events, mainly singing and dancing performances. It is mostly featured by the Silk Road culture, reflecting many people's art of songs and dances in northwest mountainous regions. The songs and dances imitate the pictures on the walls of Mogao Grottoes, and reflect the theme of Dunhuang musical dances. The dances, clothes and music of all the peoples along the Silk Road in ancient times can be seen nowadays.

Dunhuang Musical Dances
In ancient times, the arts of Eastern and Western songs and dances were combined in Dunhuang, and therefore created Dunhuang folk music of unique style. The two 2-chi-long copies of music books left in Tang Dynasty (the year 933) completely record the score of that time. But it can not be read nowadays, so is called "sealed book". After many years of research, Xi Zhenguan, a famous scholar on Dunhuang issue of Gansu Province, broke down the deep "sealed book" in 1992, and restored the "music of Tang Dynasty" in its original form. "Dunhuang Ancient Music" has been recorded, and the tapes are on sale.

Dunhuang's Nightlife and Folk Custom
The City of Dunhuang is lighted up at night, and its nightlife is colorful. After supper, you can ride on a camel, or climb mountains, or slide on sands, or have a parachute jump, or enjoy the cool. You can either go to Folk Custom Culture Village watching literal and artistic performances, or go to night fair. Besides the still opened shops, tourists can also go to the largest Shazhou market, the shopping centers selling handicraft and local specialties and "Sanpaotai" teahouse. When it becomes dark, all the lights are turned on. People can do what they like there, for example, sip and taste tea, listen to music, chat, taste snacks, buy touring handicraft and local specialties, and so on. Tourists can also go to street watching or taking part in the traditional opera performance of Qinqiang and Meihu or go to cinemas, show places, singing or dancing rooms, for all the more than 100 singing and dancing halls open all seasons.

Festivals
April 8's Temple Fair

"April 8's Temple Fair" is a traditional folk feast in Dunhuang. On the day of April 8 (according to Chinese lunar calendar), the local residents, especially the Buddhists, will gather at the places of Mogao Grottoes, Sanwei Mountains and Leiyin Temple to worship Buddha, pilgrimage and offer sacrifices to their ancestors. On that day, people tell Buddha truly about their agony and annoyance hurried in their hearts, seek Buddha's bless, or express their wishes for fortune, safety, children, or an official position. When they come out of the grottoes and temples, they fell as if relieved of a heavy load, and become optimistic again. For several days, the whole grottoes and temples area is plunged into the sea of people. The refection stall places, handicraft article shops, and literal and artistic performance stages spread everywhere. The jollification will last for a long period.

The Dragon Boat Festival Temple Fair
Before the Cultural Revolution, there were more than 40 temples, figures of Buddha and frescos at the foot of Mingsha Mountain and beside Crescent Moon Spring. The temple fair at Crescent Moon Spring has lasted for more than a thousand years. The local people go there in order to memorize Qu Yuan, worship Buddha, go uphill to look far, and enjoy the beautiful scenery of the nature. In 1990s, with the funds raised by local people, Leiyin Temple was rebuilt. The ancient building group was reconstructed by the government. The pomp of old times appeared again. On the day of Dragon Boat Festival, the road from the center of the city to Mingsha Mountain and Crescent Moon Spring, and the scenic spots of Leiyin Temple, Mingsha Mountain and Crescent Moon Spring are crowded with people.

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Transportation

Accessibility to the City
In recent years, the civil aviation department and government of Dunhuang City invested more than 45 million yuan in reconstructing runway of Dunhuang airfield, widening Dunqi and Dunyue roads and the ring road in southeast of the city, constructing a road to Jade Gate Pass, repairing the roads to all the scenic spots, putting special trains from Urumqi to Liuyua in peak touring period into use, opening new airlines for chartered flight from Dunhuang to the cities of Beijing, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Urumqi and Yinchuan, and adding regular buses to nearby places and places of Lanzhou, Wuwei, Jinchang, Zhangye, Jiuquan, Hami, Germu and Urumqi. Two lines of buses and all kinds of vehicles make the road traffic extend in all directions. More than 700 taxis, 1000 rickshaws and 11 taxi parking points offer passengers a great convenience for traveling.

Domestic and International Airlines and Airport
Dunhuang airport is located 13 km east of Dunhuang. It was built and put into use on July 15, 1982, and has now developed into a small airfield, which can fly through 9 airlines and has 96 staff and workers. The volume of passengers increased rapidly after reparation in 1997 and reached 95,091 in 1998.
The charter flight airlines of Dunhuang-Jiayuguan-Lanzhou-Xi'an-Beijing have already been in service. The touring airlines for charter flights of Dunhuang-Lan-  Zhou-Beijing, Dunhuang-Xi'an and Dunhuang-Jiayugauang-Xi'an will open in peak period. Charter flights can also be added during this period. According to flight schedule, the booking office of the civil aviation department arranges special buses to carry passengers to and from the airfield. There are lots of taxis for passengers to take.

For the volume increase of the passengers, the National General Office of Civil Aviation and the government of Gansu Province decided to enlarge the airfield in latter half year of 1999, without affecting its regular operations. The enlarged airfield will greet foreign and domestic passengers with its new appearance and high-graded, efficient and quick service.

The Railway Station & Special Trains for Tourism
Without a railway, Dunhuang has to rely on Liuyuan Railway Station to evacuate passengers. The station locates in Anxi county, which is 128 kilometers away to the north of Dunhuang. 16 trains pass there everyday directly to the cities of Shanghai, Beijing, Zhengzhou, Xi'an, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Jiayuguan, Hami, Tulufan, Kurle, Shanshan, Urumqi, Akesu, etc. in peak period, the station can not only add carriages to the trains, but also open new special trains for tourism on line Liuyuan-Hami-ulufan-Kurle-Shanshan-Urumqi and "Jiugang" special touring train on line Yumen-Jiayuguan-Jiuquan. Buses and taxis carry passengers out of or to the station day and night. Liuyuan Railway Station set up a trolley bus station in Dunhuang, where railway tickets can be booked.

High-grade Highways
The net of highways extends in all directions. It meets Andun highway to northeast and Liudun highway to northwest, connects No.312 national highway at Anxi and Liuzhou, and leads to the cities of Jiayuguan, Lanzhou, Xi'an, Hami, Tulufan, Urumqi, etc. Extending southward, Liudun highway meets No.215 and 109 national highways, which leads to Germu of Qinghai Province and Lhasa of Tibet respectively. They are lifelines for entrance to Qinghai and Tibet before Xi'an-Germu railway opens. As the straight and wide asphalt roads within Dunhuang leads to all scenic spots, the traffic becomes very convenient.

Urban Traffic

  • Buses The Motor Transport Company of Dunhuang City is in charge of buses, and arranges medium-buses on the fixed lines in the city. Business time: 7:00-222:00 (For reference only) Line Departing point Destination
    No.1 Dunhuang Gas Station Jinye Hotel, No.2 Dunhuang Hospital Dunhuang Park
    Table of Taxi Rent (For reference only) : Numbers Type Rent (yuan per kilometer) 49 Standard 1.20 149 Ordinary 1.10 511 Mini 1.00 Total 709

  • Taxis Altogether 709 taxis, various types of bus, medium-bus, minibus, Santana, Xiali and Audi park in 7 places in the city. Taxis can be obtained day and night at airfield, bus stops, hotels, scenic spots and amusement places. The taxi rent is calculated over 2 kilometers. The current starting price is 5 yuan for a mini car and 10 yuan for a common car. When surpassed, passengers will be charged 1.1 yuan per kilometer. The starting price for a standard car is 10 yuan. Passengers are charged 1.2 yuan per kilometer for extra distance.

  • Rickshaw There are more than 1000 rickshaws running through streets and alleys in the city. They are easy to take because they can be called anytime and anywhere. The starting rent is 1 yuan per kilometer.

  • Bikes for rent If tourists want to travel on bike, they can rent them at 4 points on Mingshan Street of the city. Rent can be discussed face to face. Usually it is calculated according to time.

  • Cars and Buses for rent If the tourists team or individual tourist traveling in Dunhuang want to rent luxurious air-conditioned touring buses, please contact the local travel services or chief counter of a hotel of star-class. (The contact telephone numbers are on the column "tour service".) If want to rent domestically made buses, please contact the motor passenger transportation companies (centers). The rent can be discussed face to face.

High-grade Highways
The net of highways extends in all directions. It meets Andun highway to northeast and Liudun highway to northwest, connects No.312 national highway at Anxi and Liuzhou, and leads to the cities of Jiayuguan, Lanzhou, Xi'an, Hami, Tulufan, Urumqi, etc. Extending southward, Liudun highway meets No.215 and 109 national highways, which leads to Germu of Qinghai Province and Lhasa of Tibet respectively. They are lifelines for entrance to Qinghai and Tibet before Xi'an-Germu railway opens. As the straight and wide asphalt roads within Dunhuang leads to all scenic spots, the traffic becomes very convenient.

Traffic to Main Scenic Spots
The scenic spots locate near to each other. Except for Mingsha Mountain, Crescent Moon Spring and Sanwei Fairyland, other scenic spots do not need special tour lines. The environmental-protected cars run from Mountain Gate to Crescent Moon Spring in Mingsha Mountain and Crescent Moon Spring scenic area. There run tour buses on special line Mogao Grottoes to Guanyin Well in Sanwei Fairyland. All the scenic spots are on or near the three main selected lines. The first is Stone Hole artistic travel line: downtown-Mogao Grottoes-Sanwei Fairyland-Mingsha Mountain and Crescent Moon Spring. The second is Guanxi ancient city travel line: downtown-Baima tower-Dunhuang park-Xiqianfodong caves-Old City of Dunhuang-Yangguan Pass-Wowa Pond-Desert Forest Park-Han Great Wall-Jade Gate Pass. Because there are too much scenic spots on the three lines, in order to make it convenient for the tourists to select the destination, the travel services and traveling motor company provide special buses for the tourist teams. Taxi drivers mainly serve the individual tourist. The parking points can be found at bus stops, hotels and main streets. Passengers can choose traffic vehicles freely and quickly.

Timetable of Dunhuang Passenger Transportation center (For reference only)

  Line Departing time Notes
Morning Dunhuang-Lanzhou 9:00  
Dunhuang-Jiayuguan 8:30  
Dunhuang-Zhangye 7:30  
Afternoon Dunhuang-Zhangye 16:30 Luxurious sleeper bus
Dunhuang-Zhangye 18:00 Luxurious sleeper bus
Dunhuang-Lanzhou 17:00 Luxurious sleeper bus
Dunhuang-Akesai 17:00  
Dunhuang-Jiuquan 22:00 Luxurious sleeper medium-bus
Dunhuang-Fengle 498 Once everyday 7:00
Dunhuang-Jiuquan 404 Five everyday 8:00 9:00 10:00 13:00 22:30
Dunhuang-Yumenguan 334 Once everyday 7:40
Dunhuang-Jiayuguan 383 Once everyday 11:30
Dunhuang-Anxi 117 Once everyday 16:00
Dunhuang-Zhangve 630 Once everyday 15:30
Dunhuang-Wuwei 867 Once everyday 16:30
Dunhuang-Lanzhou 1148 Twice everyday 8:30 10:30 sleeper
Dunhuang-Jinta 457 Once everyday 21:00
Dunhuang-Delingha 556 Once every two days 8:30
Dunhuang-Xining 1055 Once everyday 10:00
Dunhuang-Akesai 105 Once everyday 7:50
Dunhuang-Hami 424 Seven everyday 8:00 9:30 11:00 12:30 14:00 16:00 18:00
Dunhuang-Subei 116 Twice everyday 7:50 16:30
Dunhuang-Germu 524 Twice everyday 8:00 19:30 sleeper
Dunhuang-Huatugou 536 Twice everday 7:30 8:30
Dunhuang-Liuyuan 130 Twice everyday 7:50 16:30
Dunhuang-Shandan 694 Twice everyday 17:30
Dunhuang-Lanzhou 1148 Once every two days 15:00

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Shopping and Food

The touring goods, such as handmade carpets, colored sculpture, crystal glasses, calligraphic and painting art, Dunhuang wax printing and antique, etc.

Dunhuang Calligraphy And Painting Institute
Address : No.36, Mingshan Street, City of Dunhuang, Gansu Province, China
Tel : 0937-8820386, 8824914,8826323, Fax : 0937-8829434
Chairman of the Institute : Ji Yongyuan
Dunhuang Calligraphy and Painting Institute was founded in 1982. it's a perfect combination of economy and culture, varying its business from research and production to creation, exhibition and selling. In the past 16 years of hard work, holding firmly to the aim of "inheriting Dunhuang's art and developing Chinese culture", Dunhuang Calligraphy and Painting Institute achieved a great success. The No.1 and No.2 exhibition rooms occupy 3460 square-meters, exhibiting famous calligraphy and paintings, carpets, silk, industrial arts, jewelry and jade articles. The chairman and all the members of the institute send greetings to everybody. You are welcomed with great zeal to Dunhuang.

Dunhuang Hotel Friendship Market
Dunhuang Hotel Friendship Market is with great credit and good reputation. It sells many kinds of goods, including jade pendants of top grade, jade hangings, natural crystal, natural gems, luminous wine cups of top grade, wall calligraphy imitation of celebrities, calligraphy and paintings, carved calabashes, exquisite silk, silk tablecloth, clothes of top grade, hand-made embroideries and dying, antiques, amethyst kettle, cloisonné "enamels, carved lacquers, sandalwood handicraft products. All the goods are of good quality, if not, they can be changed. All the members welcome you with great zeal to the market.

The Service Department of Dunhuang Museum
The Service Department of Dunhuang Museum specializes in duplicating the products of culture. It has developed altogether 70 species of more than 20 kinds of duplicates of cultural and handicraft products with Dunhuang characteristics.

Among the duplicates of cultural products, the ones with most unique characteristics are rubbings of lotus flower bricks out of barrows, which are made from stone tablets. For Dunhuang is a famous scenic spot of Buddhism, and lotus flower "keeps cleanliness when out of mud" and so became exquisite articles of tomb flower bricks in Tang Dynasty, this kind of rubbings become a great favor to domestic customers. The industrial arts take a long time to produce for mostly hand making, and need a large mount of fund the high price of production. The value of output of the industrial arts in the exhibition hall of mere 120 square meters is approximately 200,000 RMB yuan.   The yearly total sales are approximately 87,000 RMB yuan. With credit and quality on the top priority of our service, all the service members will serve the customers wholeheartedly and try their best to spread the handicraft articles with Dunhuang characteristics throughout the world.

Dunhuang Industrial Art Factory, Dunhuang Luminous Wine Cups Factory
Address of the factory: No.11, Guandong Street, Dunhuang City.
Legal representative: Ren Xingjie
Tel: 0937-8822593, 8824299, Fax: 5019

Dunhuang Industrial Art Factory was established in 1956 as the first to produce touring handicraft articles such as luminous wine cups. The factory has 120 staff and workers, with a property of more than 2,60 million yuan. It occupies 3600 square meters, in which 2300 square meters are building area. Its main products are series of luminous wine cups, Dunhuang color sculptures, handicraft articles of wood carving, goods made of jewelry and crystal, Mogao Grottoes picture album, etc, altogether more than 100 species of 12 kinds.

In recent years, Dunhuang Industrial Arts Factory and Luminous Wine Cups Factory aim at development and excavation of Dunhuang touring market, and consolidate administration. It has now developed into the biggest factory of Dunhuang City, which integrates production, supply and sales of touring handicraft articles. It has also established an integrative service system.

In order to display the world famous Dunhuang cultural art and the elaborate works of handicraft articles, and to promote international friendship, the Industrial Art Factory and Luminous Wine Cups Factory built Mogaozhai Exhibition Hall in 1965. The hall, which exhibits all kinds of handicraft articles of high quality, is also a biggest monopolistic shop of industrial art and touring keepsake. The number of forging and domestic tourists coming here for visiting or shopping reaches 300 million every year. The luminous wine cups, which trademark is "Feitian", and other handicraft articles produced here are on sale in more than 10 countries and regions, and won the certification of province level in 1989. The luminous cups are great favor to the tourists for its beautiful shape and unique style.

Restaurant
Dunhuang is called "melon state", teeming with delicious melons, fruits and grapes. Abundant sunshine is suitable for growth of Liguang apricots, Ziyang peaches, Mingshan Chinese dates, Yangguan grapes, mushy-pulped watermelons, Bailan melons, Huanghe honey melons, etc., all of which are of high quality. For the convenience of carrying, Dunhuang researched and developed a series of preserved fruits, which meet the needs of presenting gifts to relatives and friends. Wine, mineral water, fruits and drink of Dunhuang are also favors to the tourists.

Three kinds of Uniqueness of Anxi
Suoyang wine, Guazhou melons and Shuangta freshwater fish have a long food history in Anxi. Suoyang wine is made from a kind of Chinese herb called "Suoyang", which grows only in the area of Suoyang. It can strengthen male vigor, enrich the blood, and boost spirit. Melon State produces honey melons, with a history of more than 3000 years. It is said that King Mu of Zhou Dynasty entertained the Empress of Heaven and seigneurs with honey melons. Shuangta freshwater fish's meat is very tasty. It also has a good reputation. All these three things are called "three kinds of uniqueness of Anxi".

Featured Restaurant
Xingyue Moslem Restaurant locates in flourishing area of Dunhuang City, Which is an important city along the "Silk Road". It opened in 1993. it occupies 140 square meters. There are 6 private rooms, 3 scattered tables. The restaurant has received a lot of foreign and domestic guests for six years. There are many kinds of featured cooked food, such as hotpot to be eaten by hand, stewed hotpot pie, chicken on bigger dish, crisp gigot, fried and baked meat sandwich, fried and baked sliced kidney, stewed rabbit meat cake, braised eel, baked mutton chop, etc. In order to developed Chinese food, Xingyue Moslem Restaurant aims at "consummating and innovating, working hard to improve the service" and receive every customer.

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  Information provided by China National Tourism Administration.

 

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